True An Introduction to European Daytime Trains

An Introduction to European Daytime Trains

Travelling on European daytime trains
Travelling by train in Europe is often exhilerating, but it can also be a tad bewildering if you'll be travelling outside your home country.

Hence this guide to taking European daytime trains - our guide to taking overnight trains is HERE.

The trains we list below, operate in and between:

Austria   l    Belgium   l    Czechia

Denmark   l    France   l    Germany

Hungary   l    Italy   l    Norway

Poland   l    Spain   l    Sweden
 
Switzerland and The Netherlands

info for trains in other countries will be added soon - Britain is next on the list.

We have been fortunate enough to travel on more than 95% of these trains and on our travels, we captured all of the images of these trains which you'll find on ShowMeTheJourney.

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Using This Guide:
 

In addition to specific info for:

Catering  l   First Class benefits

Bikes on trains  l   Wi-fi Access

we have divided the train services into these five categories:

High Speed   l   Express

Regional    l    Local   l   International

In each category you'll find a list of train services.

If you then click on the names of the trains/services, you will be taken to an info page - on which you will find details such as

(i) whether seat reservations are compulsory (included with a ticket), optional or not available
(ii) which catering facilities are available - if any
(iii) whether the trains have other facilities such as air-conditioning, conductors, power sockets and wi-fi
(iv) if the trains are double or single deck
(v) if bikes can be taken on board
(vi) and which routes each specific type of train operates on.

And we have always striven to include whether the trains can accomodate travellers who require mobility assistance - though we wish we could more comprehensive about this, but the info can occasionally be elusive.

Below the list of train services in each category, you'll also find notes in which we focus on the less obvious aspects of travelling by these trains

If you're not sure which train you will be travelling by, you can discover which specific train(s) are used on the most popular European rail routes on our journey guides.

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Which European trains are High Speed Trains:
Travelling on a European high speed trains

We appreciate that the names of these trains won't set the pulse racing, but travelling by them will!

(i) French high speed trains:

Ouigo  l  TGV Atlantique

TGV Duplex 
l  TGV Océáne  l  TGV Sud-Est

(ii) German high speed trains:

ICE 1  l  ICE 2  l  ICE 3

ICE 4  
l  ICE T

(iii) Italian high speed trains:

Frecciargento  l  Frecciarossa

Freccarossa 1000
  l  Italo

(iv) Spanish high speed trains:
 

Alvia 103/703  l  Alvia 120  l  Avant

AVE (100)  l  AVE (102/112)  l  AVE (103) 

(v) International high speed trains:

DB-SNCF (ICE)  l  DB-SNCF (TGV)

Eurostar (e300)  
l  Eurostar (e320)  l  Lyria 

RENFE-SNCF (AVE)  l  RENFE-SNCF (TGV)

TGV (France/Italy)  l  Thalys

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Seven Things Worth Knowing About Travelling by European high speed trains:

(1) You can big savings by booking in advance for travelling by these trains - our ticketing and journey guides will explain how.

(2) When different train services are available between two destinations, travelling by high speed trains can actually be the cheapest option - if the most heavily discounted tickets are still available when you look up a journey.

(3) Seat reservations are included when booking first class tickets for any journey on a European high speed train - they're also included when booking 2nd tickets for journeys by any of these train, except the ICEs.

However, if you will be using a Eurail or InterRail Pass you will need to reserve before boarding any high speed train - apart from the ICEs.

What the charges are and how to make those rail pass reservations is explained on this guide.

(4) When making many journeys by high speed 'trains' you won't actually be travelling at high speed.

Many high speed trains only travel on the high speed lines for part of a journey and then switch to conventional tracks to reach towns and cities not served by a high speed line.

These fairly lengthy sections of journeys, on which high speed trains can only match the speed of other express trains, include;

(i) Brescia ↔ Venezia and Trieste*
(ii) Lyon ↔ Torino and on to Milano**
(iii) Bordeaux ↔ Toulouse*
(iv) Marseille ↔ Nice*
(v) Wurzburg ↔ Wien/Vienna
(vi) Koln/Cologne ↔ Hannover
(vii) Hamburg ↔ Hanover
(viii) Hamburg ↔ Leipzig via Berlin
(ix) Amsterdam ↔ Koln/Cologne
(x) Stuttgart ↔ Munchen/Munich

*On these routes rail pass users can avoid the reservation fees for the high speed trains, by travelling on alternative, cheaper trains.

**Frecce and Italo trains use the high speed line between Torino and Milano, but the TGVs don't.

(5) In contrast all, or nearly all, of your journey will be at high speed if you travel on Avant, AVE, Eurostar, Ouigo or Thalys trains.

This also applies to these TGV routes.

(i) Paris - Avignon, Bordeaux, Le Mans, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Metz, Nimes Rennes, Strasbourg and Valence

(ii) Lille - Avignon, Lyon, Marseille, Nimes, Strasbourg and Valence.

And on any journey between the cities on the main high speed line in Italy;

Torino - Milano - Bologna - Firenze/Florence - Roma - Napoli - Salerno.

(6) Not all high speed lines are equal, these lines are exceptionally fast, where trains will spend most of the journey travelling at more than 280 km/h (up to 280 km/h is typical).

(i) Paris ↔ Strasbourg
(ii) Madrid ↔ Barcelona
(iii) Milano ↔ Firenze/Florence
(iii) Koln/Cologne ↔ Frankfurt

(7) Outside of Spain, European high speed trains differ from those in China and Japan as European high speed lines don't tend to penetrate cities, so high speed trains usually stations with other trains.

They also don't tend to use a separate dedicated part of the station, so specific high speed terminals are rare.

Though Bologna Centrale, Bruxelles-Midi and London St Pancras are among the exceptions to this rule.

Though in Spain high speed trains do usually depart from a specific terminal within a station.

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Non High Speed Express Trains:

As can be seen above, most European countries don't have high speed lines, and many ctities/towns in the countries which do have them, aren't connected to them.

Therefore the overwhelming majority of European journeys by express trains aren't by high speed trains - but it doesn't mean that they're not fabulous.

Due to the diversity of the trains which provide these fast services, there are few factors which are universal to these trains - for example seat reservations can be mandatory, optional or not even available.

Though you will save money by booking tickets in advance for journeys by any of the trains listed below - EXCEPT for journeys within Belgium and The Netherlands

(1) Which European trains are Tilting trains:
Travelling on tilting trains in Europe

Curves in the track slow trains down, so tilting trains are quicker than other express trains - because they lean into the bends, they can travel around the curves in the track faster.

These trains all do this:

(i) EC (610) (between Switzerland and Italy)

(ii) Frecciabianca (in Italy on routes via Pisa)

(iii) ICN (in Switzerland)

(iv) Pendolino in Great Britain (more info on these trains is coming soon)

(v) SJ 3000 (in Sweden)

(vi) Supercity trains (in Czech Republic)

(vi) X2000 (in Sweden and between Stockholm and both Copenhagen and Oslo)

Most travellers will barely notice the motion, but if you are prone to travel sickness, taking preventative medication before boarding these trains is recommended.

Worth knowing is that the German ICE T trains no longer tilt - despite the 'T' in the name.

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(2) Special* trains:
European express trains

*We couldn't decide what to call these trains, so ultimately settled on 'special' - because these trains all have unique characteristics.

Some of them can resemble high speed trains, but they're not - though that doesn't mean they're not rather wonderful!

(i) EC (600) (between Switzerland and Italy)

(ii) EIP in Poland

(iii) Euromed (Spain) l (iii) Frecciabianca (Italy)

(iv) Railjets (in Austria and on many international routes from/to Austria)

(v) Railjets (Czech Railjets operate between the Czech Republic and Austria)

(vi) Regiontog (in Norway)

(vii) Talgo (in Spain)

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(3) Intercity trains:
Travelling on InterCity trains

Britain invented, and then abandoned, the concept of Intercity trains, but in many European countries the majority of express train services still use the Intercity branding.

These Intercity trains below are the most conventional express trains which operate in Europe, they comprise a locomotive and a set of coaches.

IC Austria  l  IC Belgiuml  IC Germany

IC/Ex (Czech)  EIC (Poland)  l  IC (Hungary)

Intercités (France)  l  Intercity (Italy)

IC Switzerland  l  SJ Intercity (Sweden)

*most routes

These trains are conventional due to their age, most of them have been in use since the 90s or 80s.

Therefore they can lack more modern features such as wi-fi and power sockets and fancy info screens etc.

However, don't avoid these trains because of a perception that they must be second rate.

The Czech, French, Hungarian and Italian Intercity trains are all currently being refurbished to deliver more modern, passenger friendly features.

Brand new, 'next generation' InterCity trains are also being gradually introduced in France, Germany and Switzerland.

These trains also tend to be more spacious and therefore more comfortable than many high speed trains - and more of the seats tend to line up with the windows

Some of the trains which fall within this category are also used on certain international services such as;

EC to and from Austria  l  EC from and to Poland

EC Germany - Austria  
l  EC Germany - Austria - Italy

EC Metropolitan  
l  EC Germany - Switzerland

Berlin - Warsaw Express  
l  Intercity Brussels

IC Berlijn


Other InterCity trains don't conform to this pattern of a loco pulling coaches, but we want to be inclusive, so these trains are:

IC Belgium**  l  IC Denmark l  IC Netherlands

*Also used on Lyn services

**some routes

We're not being controversial, but these other IC trains are a tad more basic, but the comparative small size of these countries means that they are more than well suited for the routes/journeys that they're used on.

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Regional Trains:
European Regional trains
In most countries on continental Europe, these Regional trains provide a middle level of service between the express trains and the local, stopping trains.

These train services,  most likely to be encountered by visitors to Europe are, fall into three fairly loose categories.

(1) Train services which tend to be faster, because they skip more of the lesser used stations during a journey;

ALX (Germany)  l  IR (Switzerland) 

MD (Spain)  l  Oresundstag (Denmark/Sweden)

Regionale Veloce (Italy)  l  SJ Regional* (Sweden)

TLK (Poland)  l  Transillien (in the Paris area)

(2) Train services which can be both relatively fast OR slower all stations trains - so check timetables carefully, particularly arrival times.

Regio (Germany)  l  TER (France)

REX (Austria)

(3) Slower trains which call at all or, the majority of stations on a route.

RE (Switzerland)  l  Regional Express (Spain)

Regionale (Italy)  l  Sprinter (Netherlands)

Local trains outside of cities can fall into the same categories as these Regional trains - this applies to the Regio, and REX trains,

The Regionale, Sprinter and TER categories of train service, extend across both regional services and virtually all local trains, including those in cities.

Seven Things Worth Knowing About Travelling on European regional trains:

(1) Tickets for journeys by these trains aren't usually* discounted when they're available online, so you will pay the same price if you book last minute at the station.

*SJ Regional Trains, IR trains in Switzerland and some MD and Regional Express train routes in Spain, are an exception.

(2) Some of these trains used for these services can be 2nd class only - this is the case on REX trains in Austria and on most Regionale routes in Italy.

(3) Seat reservations aren't available on these trains.

For this reason, these train services can be a particularly good option if you will be travelling with a Eurail or InterRail pass.

Though again MD (Media-Distancia) trains in Spain are an exception, reservations are actually mandatory on MD trains, so seats will be assigned when booking tickets for journeys by MD trains.

(4) Catering also isn't available on these trains - except for the longer IR routes in Switzerland, on which you may encounter a catering trolley.

(5) It's not unusual for these trains to undertake journeys of more than three hoursthey tend to travel between regions.

(6) Some 'regional' services also cross-borders, so become international trains.

Examples of such services include:

(i) Austrian REX trains connect Wien/Vienna with Bratislava and Linz with Praha/Prague
(ii) German ALX trains link Munchen/Munich with Praha/Prague
(iii) French TER cross the borders into Switzerland and Spain
(iv) RE and Regionale trains shuttle between Italy and Switzerland.
(iv) Orseundstag trains connect Denmark and Sweden.

(7) Avoid thinking that regional trains are second rate, some of the most modern trains in Europe operate at least some departures on all of these services.

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Local Trains:
Local trains in Europe

Local trains have comparatively few quirks, you simply buy a ticket at a station* and hop on board -  no need to worry about whether you could have saved by booking tickets in advance, or where you need to sit etc.

*Tickets for local trains are never discounted online and often can't be purchased from train ticket websites - Regionale trains in Italy and TER train services in France are amongst the exceptions and these train services can be booked online.

Though if you will be taking a local train outside of a major city, try to look up the departure times in advance before heading to the station - there can be gaps of more than three hours between departures on local train routes.

Three less Obvious Aspects of Taking Local Trains in Europe:

(1) On continental Europe, for the time being, the vast majority of train services in each country are managed by the national rail operator, but local trains, particularly in cities can be an exception to this rule.

This won't particularly matter, if you just want to turn up a station and take a train

And if you want to look up an end-to-end journey which involves local trains, these train services can be included on national journey planning websites.

However, most of the information relating to these journeys are to be found on their respective websites.

Such services include:

(i) Trenord (Milan/Lombardy)

(ii) RATP (RER trains in Paris)

(iii) Some local train routes in Italy,  including many around Bari

(iv) Most of the local train services in Switzerland

(2) In some cities, when the national rail operator does provide the local trains, the services within the city use a specific branding.

Examples include the S-Bahn services in most Austrian and German cities and in Zurich, the Cercanias trains in most Spanish cities and the Rodalies trains in Barcelona.

(3) In some cities, MOST of the local trains penetrate the city centre, so provide alternatives to the equivalents of metro services - particularly to and from the city's major stations.

Cities in which this is the case include:

Barcelona  l   Berlin  l   Bruxelles

Copenhagen  l   Frankfurt (Main)  l   Hamburg

Milan   l   Madrid  l   Munich

Paris  l   Stockholm  l   Warsaw  l   Zurich

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What are the International Trains which operate in Europe:
European International Trains

If you're not resident in continental Europe, one of the most enticing aspects of exploring Europe by train are the international services.

Hence this summary of the express DAYTIME train services from 15 countries in Europe - click on the name of the train service for more info including the routes each train takes.

From Austria:

EC 
(to Croatia/Hungary/Slovenia)

EC (to Poland)   l   EC (to Germany)

EC (to Italy)

ICE*   l   Railjet (CD to Czechia)
   
Railjet (ÖBB to Germany, Hungary, Italy, Switzerland)

*to/from Frankfurt and Koln and Hamburg via Nurnberg

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From Belgium:

Eurostar 
(to Great Britain)  l   IC (to Lille)

Intercity-Bruxelles (to Netherlands)

ICE   (to Germany)   l   TGV (Bruxelles - France)

Thalys (to Germany, Paris and Netherlands)

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From Czechia:

EC Metropolitan 
(to Germany, Hungary, Slovakia)

EC (to Poland)   l   IC (to Kosice in Slovakia)

Railjet (CD to Wien/Vienna)

Regiojet (to Austria, Slovakia)

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From Denmark:

EC (to Germany)   l   Oresundstag  (to Sweden)

X2000 (Snabbtåg, to Sweden)

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From France:

DB-SNCF (to Germany)   l   Eurostar  (to Great Britain) 

Lyria  (to Switzerland)   l   IC (from Lille to Belgium)

RENFE-SNCF (to Spain)  l   TGV (France/Italy)

TGV (to Luxembourg, Ventimglia, Irun)

TGV (to Bruxelles) 

Thalys  
(to Belgium, Germany, Netherlands)

Thello (to Italy) 

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From Germany:

DB-SNCF (to France)  EC (to Austria)

EC (Berlin - Warszawa Express)

EC (to Denmark)   l   EC (to Switzerland) 

EC (to Italy via Austria)

EC (to Italy via Switzerland)

EC Metropolitan  (to Czechia, Hungary, Slovakia)

IC Berlijn (to Netherlands)  l   IC (Stuttgart-Zurich)

ICE (to Linz and Wien/Vienna)   l   ICE (to Switzerland)

ICE (to Belgium, Netherlands and Basel)

Railjet (ÖBB) (to Austria and Hungary)

Thalys (to Belgium and Paris)

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From Great Britain:

Eurostar (to Belgium, France, Netherlands)

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From Hungary:

EC Metropolitan 
(to Germany via Czechia and Slovakia)

EC (to Austria) l   EC (to  Poland via Slovakia)

EC (to Croatia/Slovenia/Serbia)

Railjet (to Germany and Switzerland via Austria)

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From Italy:

EC 
(to Germany via Austria)

EC (to Germany via Switzerland)

EC (to Switzerland via Brig)

EC (to Switzerland via Lugano)

IC (Trieste - Ljubljana)

Railjet (ÖBB to Austria)  l   TGV (France/Italy)

TGV
(Ventimiglia - Paris)   l   Thello (to France)

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From Norway:

Regiontog (Oslo - Goteborg)

SJ Intercity (Oslo - Stockholm)

X2000 (Snabbtåg) (Oslo - Stockholm)

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From Poland:

EC (Berlin - Warszawa Express)

EC (to Austria/Czechia/Hungary/Slovakia)

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From Spain:

RENFE-SNCF 
(to France)  l    Vigo to Porto

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From Sweden:

Regiontog 
(Goteborg - Oslo)

SJ Intercity (Stockholm - Oslo)

X2000 (Snabbtåg) (to Copenhagen, Oslo)

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From Switzerland:

EC (to Italy via Brig)  l    EC (to Italy via Lugano)

EC (to Germany)  l    ICE (to Germany)

ICE (to Netherlands via Germany)

IC (Zurich - Stuttgart)  l    Lyria  (to France)

Railjet (ÖBB  to Austria)

TGV (Basel - Marseille)

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From The Netherlands:

IC Berlijn 
(to Germany)

Intercity-Bruxelles (to Belgium)

ICE (to Germany, Switzerland)

Thalys (to Belgium, France)

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Five Things Worth Knowing about these international trains:
 

(1) Note that some countries have relatively few international services and routes – international departures only represent a tiny percentage of all European train services.
 

(2) What travellers from the UK and elsewhere may not be used to, is how these trains can be categorised into these specific services.

They’re not random, usually when making an international daytime journey in Europe, you’ll know that you’ll be travelling by a specific type of train, depending on the route you’ll be taking


For example, ICE 3 trains are the only ICE trains used between Germany and The Netherlands, Thalys trains are the only trains between Paris and Belgium and The Netherlands etc.
 

(3) The trains aren’t particularly frequent on most international routes, 1 – 3 x trains per day can be the norm – the more frequent routes typically have departures every two hours.
 

(4) You’ll save money by booking tickets in advance when taking nearly every train on this list.

(5) As stated above, this a list of daytime express trains, so it’s not a comprehensive list of every European international train service.
 

Most European night trains take international routes, and shorter distance, regional trains can also cross borders.
 

Local trains also shuttle back and forth across borders, on routes not taken by these express trains, particularly in Western Europe.

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Catering on European trains:
Food and drink on European trains

What can be provided in terms of food/drink available to buy on the train, can vary hugely in Europe.

The list below is a summary, it's a tad tricky to be aware of exactly what will be available, particularly when a train's main facility is a bar/bistro.

In our experience when hot food should be available from a bistro/bar, it won't actually be on sale on around 10% of journeys.

Note that many trains have multiple types of catering services available, so the choice of which you make use of, is yours.

For example if your 1st class ticket includes an at seat service, you don't have to wait for the catering staff to come to you, you can head off to the bar car instead.

Which European trains have restaurant cars:

These trains and train services have restaurant cars, in which you will served a meal at a table, by catering staff, regardless of whether you are travelling with 1st or 2nd class tickets or rail passes.

ICE 1   l  ICE 4   l  EC (610)

IC/Ex
(Czech) 

IC Switzerland l  EC Metropolitan

EC Germany - Switzerland

EC from and to Poland (most routes)

Note that's a fairly short list!

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Which European trains have Bar/Bistro cars:

The food available at these bar counters can vary from sandwiches/salads to the equivalent of hot meals.

What have they in common is that the food/drink has to ordered at the counter and then can be either consumed in the bar car, or taken back to your seat.

Austrian trains:
 

IC Austria  l   Railjets 
 

French trains:

Intercités   l   All TGV trains

German trains:

IC Germany  l All ICE trains

Italian trains:

all Frecce trains

Polish trains:

EIC   l   EIP

Scandinavian trains:

Regiontog   l   SJ Intercity   l   X2000 (Snabtag)

Spanish trains:

Alvia 103/703  l  Alvia 120  l  AVE (100)

AVE (102/112)  l  AVE (103)  l  Euromed  

Talgo

Swiss trains:

IC Switzerland

International Trains:

Berlin - Warsaw Exress

DB-SNCF (ICE)  l  DB-SNCF (TGV)

EC (610)
  l  EC (600)

EC from and to Austria

EC from and to Poland

EC Germany - Austria - Italy

EC Metropolitan
l EC Germany - Switzerland

Eurostar (e300)  l  Eurostar (e320)  l   IC Berlijn

Lyria  l  Railjets  l  Thalys

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Catering Trolley Services:

On these trains a catering trolley selling hot/cold drinks, snacks and sandwiches may be pushed through the 2nd class coaches - and into 1st class when no at seat service is available.

Note the use of the word 'may', as in our experience the provision of this service can be a tad random.

Alvia 103/703  l   AVE (100)  l   AVE (102/112

All Frecce trains

AVE (103)  l   Euromed  l   IC Germany*

Intercités  l   IC Switzerland IR (Switzerland) 

*on the new InterCity 2 trains.

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What additional benefits do first class passengers receive on European trains:
Travelling First Class on European express trains

In addition to more comfortable seats, first class ticket/pass holders often receive additional extras on European trains.

They can include enhanced or complimentary wi-fi, and better access to power sockets, but other benefits are based are based around catering.

However, as will be seen below, what additional food/drink benefits you will receive on board in first class can vary widely.

(i) Complimentary light meal (included in the price of the ticket)

International trains:

Eurostar (e300)  l  Eurostar (e320)

Lyria  l  Thalys*

*
On Thalys trains the meal is only served in 'Executive Class'.

Czech trains:

On SuperCity trains

Polish trains:

EIP

Spanish trains (not available on Saturdays):

Alvia 103/703  l  AVE (100)

AVE (102/112)  l  AVE (103)  l  Euromed

Swedish trains (breakfast only)

SJ 3000    l   X2000

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(ii) Complimentary drink/snack (included in the price of the ticket):

Czech trains:

Regiojet      Leo Express

Italian trains:

All Frecce trains  l  Italo

Scandinavian trains

IC Denmark    l   Lyn    l   Regiontog

SJ 3000    l   X2000

International trains:

Berlin - Warsaw Express    l   Thalys

A complimentary hot/cold drink is also served to 'Premiere Pro' ticket holders on TGV trains.

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(iii) At Seat Catering Service:

On these trains the catering isn't complimentary, but catering staff will pass through the 1st class coaches and you can order food/drink to be delivered to your seat.

Austrian trains:

Railjets 

Czech trains:

Railjets

German trains:

All ICE trains

International trains:

DB-SNCF (ICE)    l   Railjets 

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What's good to know about taking Bikes on  European trains:

The rules around taking bikes on trains can vary widely across Europe, so much so that an upcoming article will be dedicated to this topic.

However, the headline advice is, never assume that you can take your bike on board a European train, no matter which train you will be taking.

Always ask at the ticket office prior to boarding - and ideally do so when you first arrive in a location.

Try to avoid discovering what your options are, until just before you're hoping to board a train with your bike.

Some countries in Europe have national policies regarding taking bikes on trains, hence the links we have provided below.

As will be seen, many countries distinguish between folding and non-folding bikes and have different rules for each.

In some countries you can only take a non-folding bike on board if you store it in a dedicated bike space on the train - and these spaces may have to reserved/paid for before you board.

It's also an ever-changing picture - an increasing number of new trains from local to express trains, which have these dedicated bike spaces, are entering service.

So they can be available on only certain routes, or in specific areas/regions of a country.

The links to the national info:

(You may have to resort to using Google Translate)

Austria    l   Belgium    l   Czech Republic

Denmark  
 l   France    l   Germany

Hungary  
 l   Italy   l   Norway   l   Netherlands

Poland   l   Spain   l   Switzerland

There is no link for Swedish info as non-folding bikes cannot be taken on any train in Sweden.

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What's good to know about wi-fi on European trains:

We thought twice about including this information, because as at the risk of stating the obvious, even when Wi-fi is theoretically available on a train it may not actually be accessible.

In time we'll get around to a detailed article on this topic, but having travelled for more than 30,000 kilometres on European trains, and attempted to log on to Wi-fi whenever it's available, we're trying to manage expectations.

We have made some journeys and had no problem accessing the Wi-fi and then travelled on the same route on an identical train and not been able to log on at all.

Here's a summary of our experiences:

(i) When our train guides show Wi-fi as being available, what we're actually showing is that these trains have been equipped with a Wi-fi facility.

However, avoid assuming the Wi-fi will be available for the entire duration of your journey - we endeavour to point out when you should be able to log on.

(ii) The route the train is taking can matter more than the train you're travelling by.

For example for TGV trains we are showing that these trains have wi-fi - but we have belatedly realised the limitations of having a yes/no box for whether wi-fi will be available.

That's because the wi-fi is only theoretically available when TGV trains are travelling on a high speed line, so it can be tricky to work out when you can and can't access the service.

(iii) On many international trains/routes the Wi-Fi can only be available in one country.

For example on ICE trains the Wi-Fi is provided via the DB portal and DB is the national rail operator in Germany, so when these trains travel through other countries, the connectivity can be lost.

(iv) Also at the risk of stating the obvious, the older the train you will be travelling by, the less likely it is that Wi-Fi will be available.

Hence Wi-Fi not being available on most InterCity trains - and when these trains are also used for international EuroCity services.

However, many InterCity trains are gradually being refurbished - and the updated trains do have Wi-fi available.

Though there's no way of knowing whether you will be travelling on an updated train when you're booking tickets etc.

(v) The latest local and regional trains may be Wi-Fi enabled, hence the Wi-fi provision can be patchy.

Just because you were able to log on when travelling on a local train, it doesn't always follow that you'll be able to access the Wi-fi on the express train, which you'll then be connecting into.

(vi) These are generalisations, but countries which have comparatively limited provision of Wi-fi on trains include

Belgium    l   Czech Republic    l   Hungary

Poland
   l    Switzerland    l    The Netherlands

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Night Trains:

Travelling on a European overnight train, can be very different experience to travelling on a daytime train.

Hence we have produced a dedicated guide to taking these overnight trains, which you can find HERE.

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More Information:

(i) Our general  tips for travelling on European trains.

(ii) Our guide to travelling on Italian trains and on trains to/from Italy

(ii) Our guide to travelling on trains in France and on trains to/from France

(iv) Our guide to travelling on trains in Germany and on trains to/from Germany.

(v) All you need to know about travelling on those fabulous mountain railways in Switzerland is right HERE.

(vi) A guide to travelling to/from Swiss ski resorts by train

(vii) Info about travelling to/from Paris by train can be found HERE.

(viii) Practical info and tips for travelling with children on European trains are on this guide.

(ix) Our guide to the most incredible journeys that can be taken on European express trains

(x) How to travel from London to Europe by train

(xi) How to use a Eurail or InterRail pass on the trains in 15 European countries

(xii) A guide to making reservations on European trains if you will be travelling with a Eurail or InterRail pass.

(xiii) A NEW guide to Europe's international train routes/services

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What's in the Pictures?

From the top - and going clockwise.

Image One - the introduction

(i) trains in Spain, an Altaria train on the right and a Media Distancia train on the left
(ii) Frecciarossa trains await departure from Milano Centrale
(iii) Eurostars have arrived at London St Pancras International
(iv) TGV Duplex trains race through the Paris suburbs

Image Two - high speed trains

(i) An ICE 3 on international service arrives at Bruxelles-Nord
(ii) Thalys trains at Antwerpen Centraal
(iii) A Lyria train has arrived in Zurich
(iv) An AVE train on the Marseille - Madrid route arrives in Avignon TGV

Image Three - tilting trains

(i) A EuroCity (ETR 610) train in Brig on the Basel - Milano route
(ii) An ICN train used on certain Intercity services in Switzerland
(iii) The type of tilting train used for Frecciabianca services on the routes via Pisa.
(iv) An X2000 train used on Swedish Snabbtåg services

Image Four  - 'special' trains

(i) A Norwegian Regiontog train of the type used on routes between Oslo and Goteborg, Stavanger and Trondheim
(ii) An Austrian (ÖBB) Railjet
(iii) A Czech (CD) Railjet
(iv) A Polish EIP train

Image Five - 'Intercity' IC trains

(i) A German IC train departs from Koln Hbf
(ii) A Hungarian EC train
(iii) The corridor on an Austrian IC train
(iv) An Italian Intercity train departs Bologna

Image Six - Regional trains

(i) A Swedish SJ Regional train
(ii) A Spanish MD (Media Distancia) train
(iii) One of the many types of train used on IR routes in Switzerland
(iv) Trains on Regionale Veloce services in Italy

Image Seven - local trains

(i) A local train in Switzerland
(ii) A Regionale train in Italy operated by Trenord
(iii) An S-Bahn train operated on some local routes in Wien/Vienna
(iv) An S-Bahn train in Hamburg

Image Eight - international trains

(i) An EC train from Germany via Austria has arrived in Verona
(ii) An EC train in Switzerland on route to Milano
(iii) ICE and Thalys trains await departure from Bruxelles
(iv) A RENFE-SNCF train from Spain has arrived in France

Image Nine - catering

(i) The restaurant car on an Hungarian railways train being used on the EC route to/from Poland
(ii) The exterior of a restaurant car on a Swiss IC train
(iii) The bistro car menu on an Austrian (ÖBB) Railjet
(iv) The bar/bistro area of an Italian Frecciarossa train

Image Ten - First Class

(i) Premiére class on a TGV Sud-Est train
(ii) Business class on a Frecciarossa train
(iii) The lounge at the 1st class end of an ICE 3 train
(iv) The 'complimentary' Premier Class breakfast on a Eurostar

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