Seat Reservations When Booking Online

The info on this page has been curated for people who will be buying tickets for European train journeys, but if you will be travelling with a Eurail or InterRail pass - we have a whole other world of info available here.

This guide to seat reservations will hopefully remove some of the more confusing aspects of booking European train tickets online - particularly if you do usually prefer to reserve a seat when making long distance train journeys.
On some train services, you can also select the part of the train in which you wish to travel by, hence this guide to using seating plans when booking European train tickets.



What can vary when booking tickets for train journeys in different European countries, is whether a reservation (an assigned seat) is:
- included when booking a train ticket online, and therefore mandatory, or
- optional, or 
- not available at all.


Reservations are NOT available when booking these train services (and more):
- Any national train journey within Belgium and Luxembourg
- Any national train journey within The Netherlands
-  journeys by TER trains in France
- on IR trains in Switzerland
- journeys by Regionale and Regionale Veloce trains in Italy
- on the Oresundtag trains between Denmark and Sweden
- virtually all journeys on independent railways in Switzerland
journeys by Regional Express trains in Spain
- trains in Great Britain operated by c2cChiltern Railways, Great NorthernGreater Anglia*, Northern, Southern, SoutheasternSouth Western Railway and Thameslink.
*Reservations are usually available on the London <> Norwich route.


Reservations are optional:

When booking tickets for these train services listed below you can OPT to add a reservation when booking online, or request them when booking at the station.
If you don't specifically ask for a reservation at a station ticket desk, the booking staff may assume that you don't want to reserve.

There will be an additional charge for booking these reservations, so when booking online check to see whether the price of the reservation has been included in the price that you initially see,
Though the 2nd class fees are always under €5.

Austria – Railjet (domestic and international) and on the IC trains
Czech Republic - Railjet, IC, Ex and Regional (no charge if reservation made at same time as booking)
Denmark – Lyn and IC train services and the EC trains to Germany  - reservations ARE compulsory on these EC trains between May and September,
Germany – when booking 2nd class tickets on IC and ICE trains both national and international; they're included when booking 1st class tickets.
Switzerland – on IC train services

and on EC trains on these routes:
Germany ↔ Austria

Germany ↔ Switzerland

Austria ↔ Switzerland

Czech Republic ↔ Hungary (are included when booking journeys from Hungary online on MAV)

Austria ↔ Hungary

Also note that if you book a discounted ticket for a journey by these trains, the train departure you will travel by is specified on your booking, but that won't mean that you also have a seat reservation.


Reservations are not mandatory in Great Britain, but when booking Advance tickets online for long-distance journeys on trains operated by CrossCountry, East Midlands, Grand Central, Great Western RailwayHull Trains, ScotRail, TransPennine Express, LNER and Virgin Trains, your seat(s) will be assigned.
The reservation will be included with the booking.

When travelling long-distance with these TOCs you will also receive seat reservations if you book Advance tickets at a station AHEAD of your travel date.
But seat reservations are not usually available when booking tickets at stations less than 3 - 4 hours ahead of the departure time.


Reservations are included/mandatory:

(1) Reservations are complimentary and therefore included when booking these INTERNATIONAL daytime train services:

DB-SNCF  l   Eurostar  l   Lyria

  l   TGV France-Italy

  l   Thello

and on EC trains on these routes:

Switzerland ↔ Italy

Germany ↔ Italy via Austria

Germany ↔ Poland

Germany/Austria ↔ Slovenia/Croatia

Austria/Hungary/Czech Republic ↔ Poland

Hungary ↔ Croatia/Slovenia/Serbia

(2) Reservations are complimentary and therefore included when booking these NATIONAL daytime train services:

- in  Czechia/The Czech Republic on the SuperCity services and the trains operated by Leo Express and Regiojet
- in France on the TGVs plus when travelling on  the long -distance Intercités routes
 - in Germany when booking 1st class tickets for journeys by IC and ICE trains  also - including when booking 1st class tickets for international journeys by ICE trains.
 - in Hungary* on IC trains and on EC trains for journeys within Hungary
 - in Italy for journeys on Trenitalia’s Frecce and Intercity trains, plus the Italo trains which are not operated by Trenitalia.
  - in Norway for journeys by Regiontog trains
  - in Poland for journeys by the EIP and  EIC and IC and TLK services.
 - in Sweden for journeys by Snabbtåg services within Sweden and from/to Sweden,  and on IC trains operated by SJ,  and on SJ Regional trains
  - in Spain for journeys by Altaria, AlviaAvant, AVE, Euromed, MD and Talgo trains.

*In Hungary reservations are automatically included when booking journeys by IC trains, daytime trains to Croatia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and all overnight trains irrespective of whether tickets are booked online or at stations.
However, when booking international daytime journeys by train to Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany and Slovakia they are only included if booked online and NOT at the station.

(3) Reservations are always compulsory when booking beds, couchette berths and most seats on OVERNIGHT trains.



If you will be booking a train with mandatory seat reservations, the online ticket agents will usually include a link to a seating plan.
These seating plans aren't usually integral to the booking path, meaning that you don't have to use them to book a ticket, so in the rush to make a booking they can be easily missed.

What you can select on seating plans:

In addition to being able to choose window or aisle seats, we recommend using them for these reasons:

(1) You can select seats near the exit doors, particularly useful if you've got heavy luggage, as you can then avoid having to manoeuvre it into the middle of the train.
These seats also tend to be nearer any luggage racks, so you'll be able to keep an eye on your bags more easily.

(2) If you will be making a tightly timed connection, that can be another good reason for choosing a seat by the doors, but if you want to have a quieter trip you'll be better off choosing a seat in the middle of the train.

(3) You can choose between table seats and airline style seating.
Don't choose a table seat on the assumption that you will have more leg room, if somebody tall takes the seat opposite yours then you'll actually have less.

Targeting table seats is obviously a good option if you are travelling in a group of three or four, but when we're not, we prefer the greater privacy of the airline style seats.
And if you are planning to eat on the train, then the airline seats have a pull down tray.

A plus of table seats, is that they nearly always line up with the windows, but a surprisingly high number of the 'airline' seats won't.
The more modern the train you will be travelling by, the greater the chance that you won't have a good view out of the window, in both 1st and 2nd class.
So our top reason for using a seating plan is to ensure that we have a good view out of a window.

(4) If you will be travelling on a TGV Duplex or TGV Oceane train, you can also choose to sit on the Upper or Lower Decks.


What you can't select on seating plans:

You often can't choose seats which face the direction of travel on a seating plan - the only train services on which we HAVE seen this option are

(1) TGV Atlantique trains
(2) TGV Sud-Est trains
(3) Some TGV Lyria services  (but not departures on which double-deck TGV trains are used)
(4) ICE 1 and ICE 4 trains
(5) the TGV France-Italy services
(6) Regiontog trans on the Oslo to Bergen route.
(7) the Snabbtåg services in Sweden by the X2000 and SJ 3000 trains.
(8) on any of the train services which can be booked online in Czechia/The Czech Republic.

Train services on which you CAN'T select forward facing seats when making an online booking include Frecce trains, other ICE trains and TGV Duplex trains.
The core reason for this is that many European express trains reverse direction when they make some station calls, thereby flipping the train from back to front- and this can happen multiple times per day.
So when tickets are being sold online the ticketing websites won't know in which direction a seat is facing, so they can't guarantee whether seats are facing forwards or backwards.



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