What you can expect on board the different types of French rail services and how the tickets can be used. (There have been major changes to how tickets can be used on French rail journeys and on train journeys to and from France, so this info is currently being updated).
Welcome to our guide to travelling by train in France which explains the differences between the types of train service, the on board facilities and how to find your seats when you have a reservation.
So grab a coffee and discover all the most pertinent info that will help your French train travel experience to be as fabulous as possible!
French TGV trains are iconic and the high speeds can give many journeys a wow factor, but other French trains can also be fabulous, we’re big fans of the exceptionally large windows on many of the more modern TER trains.
Though we’d love travelling by train in France even more, if the windows on the French trains in general were washed more often!
And that’s just one of the many quirks of train travel in and to/from France; hence the info you'll find below.
French national train operator SNCF's domestic train services can be broadly divided into FIVE categories; InOui, Ouigo, Intercités, TER and Transillien.
(1) The TGV InOui services
These are high speed trains that use high speed lines for at least the majority of a journey.
Previously only the TGV trains that have both enhanced Wi-Fi and new or modernised interiors had this branding, but SNCF is now classifying all of its standard (superior) TGV trains as InOui services.
There are FOUR types of TGV trains used on TGV InOui services:
How to check which type of TGV train you will be travelling by on a specific departure.
(2) The Ouigo services
These are ow cost, more basic high speed services on which re-modelled double-deck TGV trains are used.
In contrast to TGV InOui services, Ouigo trains:
Something to be aware of, is that Ouigo services now offer direct alternatives to the standard TGV InOui services, on an increasing number of routes.
On the latest timetable changes, some TGV InOui services have in effect been replaced by Ouigo trains, to provide travellers with a choice of services between the exact same stations.
(3) The Intercités services
These are the French express train services which DON'T travel on high speed lines.
Some Intercités services/journeys have compulsory reservation, but most don't.
To make this clearer, IC (France) has been used on ShowMeTheJourney for the services that DON'T have compulsory reservation.
(4)The TER services
These comprise a mix of:
A wide variety of different trains are used on TER services and in many areas of France the most modern trains are the TER trains.
Though what's particularly worth knowing is that no matter what TER service you will be travelling by, seat reservations won't be available and tickets won't be discounted if you book in advance; so you may as well book tickets last minute at the station.
(5) The Transillien services
The longer-distance commuter/local train services in the Paris area operate under this branding, so these services link many of the towns around the capital to the city centre.
Why these distinctions matter
Having some awareness of the differences between these five train services: InOui, Ouigo, Intercités, TER and Transillien matters when travelling by train in France, particularly when there is a choice of train service between two destinations.
Not only can one type of train be faster than another, it also affects booking tickets.
For example, the terms and conditions for travelling by TGV InOui trains are very different to those for journeys by TER trains.
The new TGV Océane trains are double-decked and they are a big step-up in terms of on-board ambience compared to the older TGV trains, but for the time being the most commonly found double-decked TGV trains are the TGV Duplex trains.
Some travellers target those trains, presuming (wrongly) that they will be more spacious, and there’s also the novelty factor of travelling at high speed on an upper deck.
Whether a TGV InOui train service is operated by a TGV Duplex isn’t listed on timetables; you won’t know whether a service is operated by a TGV Duplex until you book and are offered the choice of seats on an upper or lower deck.
Though we have worked out a means of discovering which type of TGV train will be used for a specific departure - discover how to do this HERE.
However, TGV Duplex’s are used on virtually all TGV services between the Gare De Lyon and other destinations in France, as well as some international services from the Gare De Lyon.
They're also used on virtually all the TGV services between Lille and destinations to the south of Paris.
TGV Duplex trains are also used on some departures to/from Paris Est, plus a few trains to/from Paris Nord and Paris Montparnasse
Yes it does because French train tickets are usually train service specific - book a ticket online or a station which is only valid for a journey by a TER train service and you can't then take a TGV or Intercités train service.
Similarly you can't book a ticket for an Intercités train service and then hop on a TGV instead.
All seats are reserved on TGV InOui train services and this is also the case on the longer Intercités routes - your seat number is the 'PLACE ASSISE' number on your ticket.
The seat numbering system on TGVs and Intercités isn’t particularly logical, so take your time and be guided by the signs in the coach.
If you have heavy luggage, stow this in the racks by the doors first and then locate your seat.
What can be easy to miss when boarding TGV Duplex trains are these signs above the entrances inside the doors.
which show the seat numbers that are located on the upper deck,
Each individual train departure has its own number and this number will be printed on your ticket/reservation.
It will be a 4-digit number that is usually listed beneath the departure date/time - the departure time will have a 'H' between the hour and minutes.
If you will be changing trains, the train number (and departure times) of each train you will be taking, will be listed separately on the ticket
To find your train you may need to match this train number (and not your destination), to the information that's displayed on departure screens at stations.
Enhanced Wi-Fi connectivity is the key distinguishing feature of the new and modernised trains used for some InOui services; though which are listed as 'TGV InOui' on the ticketing websites
It should theoretically be available when travelling by other InOui services (those which are listed as 'TGV') on these routes* only:
Wi-Fi is NOT available on the Intercités services.
All on board announcements on domestic trains are French language only.
The train conductors may not speak English on IC and TER trains; particularly those that don’t serve Paris.
SNCF doesn't provide restaurant cars on any of its trains services, the TGV InOui services have Bars, but the food available isn't particularly exceptional.
Similar Bar facilities MAY also be available on the longer distance Intercités trains.
So if you will be travelling long distance on journeys within France, the recommendation is to buy food/drink at the station before boarding.
It is usually cheaper and better quality than on the TGV or Intercités; and in our experience you can’t wholly rely on the bar being open at all on the TGV or Intercités services
On TGV InOui and Intercités train services folded bikes are classed as hand luggage,
On Intercités and SOME* TGV InOui services, non-folding bikes require a ticket which costs a flat rate of €10.
*The exception is that standard non-folding bikes cannot be taken on board TGV Duplex trains.
Though if you can remove the front wheel of a non-folding bike, so that the wheel and the rest of the bike can be placed into a bag no bigger 120cm x 90cm, you can take it on board those trains as hand-luggage.
Bikes can be taken at no additional charge on TER trains and many of the latest types of TER train have designated bike storage areas - look for the symbols on the outside of the coaches.
More information is available below
Regular timetables, trains leaving at the same time in each hour during the day, are the exception rather than the norm in France.
However, outside of Paris, in the middle of the day, you can expect trains to be departing at least hourly on the Cote D'Azur routes around Nice and on some routes from Lille and Lyon, but this is not the norm elsewhere.
Though a recent change is that regular times are being used more often, meaning that, for example, a service will depart from a major city every day at 12:05, but it will be heading to different destinations, depending on the day of the week.
So keep in mind that:
Reservations are compulsory on virtually ALL long distance express trains services to/from France - also note the use of the word 'services', an unusual aspect of international train travel from and to France is the branding which is applied to many routes.
However, when French TGV trains are used on these international services, there is little difference between the passenger ambience within these trains and the TGVs used on journeys within France.
On the lists below, the destinations in brackets are served by some departures only.
(1) Thalys trains
They operate on these three routes:
(2) Belgian IC trains operate on these two routes:
(3) TGV Bruxelles-France trains:
These trains operate direct between Bruxelles Midi/Zuid and many cities in France.
By taking these trains you can avoid the awkward transfer between stations in Paris.
Stations in France that have direct TGVs from Bruxelles include:
Aeroport Charles De Gaulle, Antibes, Aix-en-Provence TGV, Avignon TGV, Cannes, Lyon Part Dieu, Marne La Vallée, Marseille St Charles, Montpellier, Nice Ville, Nimes, St Raphael and Toulon.
(4) Eurostar trains
They operate on these routes:
(5) TGV trains operate on these routes:
(8) French TER trains operate on these routes:
(9) TGV Océane trains operate on this route:
Paris Montparnasse – Bordeaux – Bayonne – Biarritz – Hendaye – Irun
(From Paris only - connects into a train on to San Sebastian Burgos, Vallodolid and Madrid at Irun).
In the opposite direction from Spain to France, the TGV commences its journey at Hendaye/Hendaia, but a Spanish train operates between Madrid and Hendaye/Hendaia.
(10) AVE RENFE - SNCF trains
These Spanish (RENFE) trains operate on these routes.
(11) RENFE-SNCF TGV Duplex trains are used on this route:
Paris gare de Lyon – Valence – Nimes – Montpellier – Narbonne – Perpignan – Figueres/Figueras – Girona/Gerone – Barcelona/Barcelone
(12) Le Reseau DB – SNCF* services:
*These routes used to be branded Alleo, but that branding appears to have been replaced by ‘Le Reseau DB-SNCF’.
Reservations are still compulsory for journeys between Germany and France by these trains, even when ICE trains are used.
I wanted to share my passion for train travel and explain how anyone can take the fantastic journeys I have taken.
This is one of more than 100 train travel guides available on ShowMeTheJourney, which will make it easier to take the train journeys you want or need to make. As always, all images were captured on trips taken by ShowMeTheJourney.