Frecce Trains (an overview)

Italy's national rail company Trenitalia uses Frecce branding for its fastest express trains, the English translation of 'Frecce' is 'arrow'.

Different types of train* are used for each of the four Frecce services, which are

(1) Frecciarossa 1000

(2) Frecciarossa

(3) Frecciargento

(4) Frecciabianca 

*The specific trains used for Frecciabianca branded services can differ, but only one type of train is used for the other Frecce services.

TRAIN NUMBERS:

Trenitalia uses a system of train numbers to designate each specific departure, these numbers are different to the departure times.

The train numbers for all Frecce departures begin with AV, short for 'Alta Velocita', the English translation of which is 'high speed', but Frecciabianca services don't use the high speed lines.

ROUTE SUMMARY:

The routes on which the Frecciarossa 1000 and Frecciarossa train services operate are all or mostly on the high speed line, while Frecciargento services use the high speed lines for at least some of the journey.
 

A choice of trains:

As will be seen below, different types of Frecce train share some routes and when that is the case it makes little diffrence to the journey time.

However, if the departure/arrival times suit, our preference is to avoid the Frecciargento services as they're not as fabulous as the Frecciarossa or Frecciarossa 1000 trains.

Also there are 4 x classes of service available on Frecciarossa and Frecciarossa 1000 trains, but only two are available on Frecciargento trains.

When Frecciarossa and Frecciarossa 1000 trains share a route, out preference is to chooose the Frecciarossa 1000 when travelling 1st class and the Frecciarossa when travelling 2nd class - particularly if we have luggage.

If you look up journeys on Trenitalia, you can see which type of Frecce trains will be used on each departure.

The trains per route:

(i) Torino/Turin - Milano - Bologna - Florence/Firenze - Roma - Napoli - Salerno = Frecciarossa 1000 and Frecciarossa trains.
The Frecciarossa trains are used mainlly on the services that call in Florence/Firenze.

(ii) Venezia/Veince - Padova/Padua - Bologna - Florence/Firenze - Roma - Napoli = Frecciarossa 1000, Frecciarossa and Frecciargento trains.

(iii) Udine/Venezia/Veince - Padova/Padua - Verona - Brescia - Milano - Torino/Turin = Frecciarossa trains

(iv) Bolzano - Trento - Verona - Bologna - Florence/Firenze - Roma  = Frecciargento trains

(iv) Roma - Bari - Lecce = Frecciargento trains

(v) Roma - Napoli - Salerno - Lamezia Terme - Villa San Giovanni - Reggio di Calabria = Frecciargento and Frecciabianca trains

(vi) Roma - Rimini =  Frecciabianca trains

(vii) Torino/Turin - Genova - La Spezia - Pisa - Livorno - Roma =  Frecciabianca trains

(viii) Torino/Turin and Milano - Piacenza - Parma - Modena - Bologna - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Lecce =  Frecciabianca trains

OUR GENERAL GUIDE TO USING ITALIAN TRAINS

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