Czechia/The Czech Republic is a country which serves international rail travellers well, its top-ranked trains are used on the international express routes and it has also kept open most of its lesser cross border routes, meaning that its spa towns, as well as its major cities can be accessed by international trains.
The trains from The Czech Republic to Austria take one of three routes, but most of them travel on the route via Breclav as it links Praha/Prague to Wien/Vienna.
the route via Breclav:
This is the route taken by the express trains from Czechia to Austria and five different train services come this way:
(1) Railjets which every two hours take a Praha/Prague –Pardubice – Brno – Breclav – Wien/Vienna – Wiener-Neustadt – Bruck an der Mur – Graz route.
The 10:44 departure from Praha connects in Graz with a train on to Zagreb via Maribor.
(2) Alternative Regiojet trains which take the same route between Praha/Prague and Wien/Vienna.
(3) The EC trains which travel through Czechia on their journeys from Poland to Wien/Vienna.
These four daily trains all take a Katowice – Ostrava – Brno – Breclav – Wien/Vienna route, but they commence their journeys at different destinations in Poland; which are Gydnia, Warszawa and Przemysl.
As a result Ostrava is linked to Wien/Vienna by 4 x trains per day.
(4) The Euronight trains to Wien/Vienna from Poland, but they travel through Czechia in the very early hours of the morning.
(5) The Nightjet train from Berlin to Vienna/Wien; which also travels across Czechia early in the morning.
the route via Summerau:
This border crossing in southern Czechia has benefited from a significant increase in train services in recent years.
Eight trains per day, which are operated by CD, the Czech national rail company, travel from to Ceske Budejovice to Linz.
Four of these trains to Linz are now EuroCity exress trains which commence their journeys in Praha/Prague.
Linz has trains which head west to Salzburg and Innsbruck, so when travelling from Praha to these cities, this route can be a faster alternative than travelling via Wien/Vienna
The overnight train from Praha/Prague, which typically departs Praha hl,n shortly after 18:00 to Zurich also comes this way; this is the only direct train from Czechia to Switzerland.
Sleeping cars are attached to a train from Praha to Linz and then on arrival in Linz, they are shunted on to the overnight train to Zurich, which typically arrives there at 08:20.
the route via Gmund:
In even hours during the day local trains depart from Ceske Budejovice and head to Cezke Velenice.
At Cezke Velenice connections are available into REX trains that travel to Wien/Vienna via Gmund, though they arrive at the Franz-Josefs station in the Austrian capital and not at the main station, Wien Hbf.
Ceske Budejovice is served by hourly trains from Plzen, so this route is an alternative to travelling via Praha/Prague on a Plzen to Wien/Vienna journey.
Trains from Germany to Czechia take multiple routes as there are numerous direct trains from Germany to the spa towns in western Czechia, but all of the express trains between the two countries take the one spectacular route along a valley shared by the River Elbe.
From Decin to Bad Schandau
This is the only route taken by long distance express trains from Czechia to Germany.
Every two hours EC trains take a Praha/Prague – Decin – Bad Schandau – Dresden – Berlin – Hamburg route.
One of these trains commences its journey in Budapest and travels travelled via Vac, Bratislava Brno and Pardubice.
The final train of the day is now the Railjet which travels to Berlin from Wien/Vienna, so also calls at Breclav, Brno and Pardubice
(Due to reconstruction works in Czechia, the train on the Budapest to Berlin is currently suspended and the Railjet isn't serving Pardubice).
via Furth im Wald:
Seven trains per day take a Praha/Prague – Furth im Wald – Regensburg – Munchen/Munich route.
Though they are regional and not express trains, so also makes stops in some more minor towns.
From the Czech spa resorts to Germany:
Local and regional trains provide rail links on four routes between the popular spa towns in Bohemia (western Czechia) and Germany.
If you want to travel between Frantiskovy Lazné/Franzensbad, Karlovy Vary/Carlsbad and Marianské Lazne/Marienbad and Germany by train, connections are often required, but the journeys aren't particularly complicated.
(1) via Schirnding
Cheb is a gateway station between the Czceh spa towns and many destinations in Germany.
Cheb has regular trains from the three most popular spa towns, Frantiskovy Lazne, Karlovy Vary and Marianské Lazne and it also connected to Nurnberg on most days of the year by up to 5 x direct trains per day, which travel via Marktredwitz.
At Nurnberg connections are available into ICE trains to multiple destinations across Germany including Frankfurt (Main), Hamburg, Hannover, Koln>/Cologne and Munchen/Munich.
Since the discontinuation of the direct Praha/Prag > Nurnberg trains some years ago, this routing via Cheb and Nurnberg is the main rail route for train journeys between the Czech capital and central Germany; Cheb has direct trains from Praha/Prague
(2) Via As
Every two hours local trains travel a Cheb – Frantiskovy Lazné – As – Hof route.
In Hof straightforward connections are available into Regio trains to Bamberg, Bayreuth and Dresden (connect for Berlin and Leipzig), Munchen/Munich and Nurnberg.
So this route is typically the best option when travelling from Frantiskovy Lazné/Franzensbad to Germany by train
(3) via Bad Brambach
Four local trains per day take a Cheb – Frantiskovy Lazné – Bad Brambach - Plauen route.
At Plauen connections are available into Regio trains heading to Dresden via Zwickau and Chemnitz, so if you’ll be heading to these German cities from Cheb and Frantiskovy Lazné, this is a slightly quicker route than travelling via As and Hof.
(4) via Potucky
Up to seven local trains per day travel from the spa town of Karlovy Vary/Carlsbad over the German border and terminate in Johanngeorgenstadt, where connections are available into trains to Zwickau.
From Zwickau there are trains heading to Chemnitz and Dresden.
The train operator Regiojet operates **overnight train serviceshttps://regiojet.com/croatia between Praha/Prague and two resorts on the Adriatic Coast of Croatia, Rijeka and Split.
The train, which conveys couchettes and seats, but no sleeping cabins, leaves from Praha's main station on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday, from the final Saturday in May until the final Saturday in September.
It departs from Praha hln. at 16:38 then calls at Brno and Breclav, it travels as one combined train to Zagreb, where it arrives at 05:17.
It then continues as one train to Oglulin where it divides in two with one part of the train arriving into Rijeka at 10:13, while the other part of the train takes the beautiful route to a Split where it arrives at 13:44.
Connections are available in Breclav with trains to and from Wien/Vienna.
The train departs on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday, from Rijeka at 19:55, from Split at 15:51 and from Zagreb at 01:13, before heading on to Breclav, Brno and Praha where it arrives at 13:14.
The long-distance trains from Czechia to Poland take one of two primary routes, though its the route through Bohumin which conveys more than 90% of the journey options.
the route via Bohumin
Nearly all of the express trains from Czechia to Poland take this route, though some of the day and night trains which come this way commence their journeys in Austria and Hungary.
The eight daytime train services are:
(1) Three daily EC trains which take a Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Olomouc – Ostrava – Katowice – Warszawa route.
(2) One EC train per day that takes a Wien/Vienna – Bréclav - Ostrava – Katowice – Warszawa – Gdansk - Gydnia route; this train is named the 'Sobieski'.
(3) One EC train per day that takes a Graz - Wien/Vienna – Bréclav - Ostrava – Katowice – Warszawa route; this train is named the 'Polonia'.
(so Warszawa has 2 x trains per day from Wien/Vienna)
In summary Ostrava has 6 x trains per day departing for Warszawa.
(5) One train per day that takes a Wien/Vienna – Bréclav - Ostrava – Katowice route; this train is named the 'Moravia'.
(6) One train per day operated by Czech national rail operator, CD, which takes a Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Olomouc – Ostrava – Katowice – Krakow route.
This train, which is named the 'Caracovia', now also conveys daily sleeping cars which are shunted between trains in Bohumin and carry on to Moscow/Moskva via Minsk (these sleeping cars remain suspended).
(7) On Fridays and Sundays year round, two x trains operated by Leo Express also take a Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Olomouc – Ostrava – Katowice – Krakow route.
(8) One train per day that takes a Graz - Wien/Vienna – Bréclav - Ostrava – Katowice - Krakow - Rzeszow - Przemysl route; this train is named the 'Porta Moravica'.
(9) One train per day that takes a Ostrava – Katowice - Krakow; this train is named the 'Galicja'.
In summary Ostrava has up to five trains per day departing for Krakow.
The night trains which travel via Bohumin are on these routes:
2. via Miedzylesie:
LeoExpress had introduced a trains per week service from Praha hlvani (hl.n.) station to Wroclaw, but these trains were suspended due to the pandemic and have yet to be reinstated.
Therefore the only trains which currently travel over this border crossing are local trains from the Czech town of Lichkov; three of which per day terminate in Wroclaw.
However, travelling to Lichkov from Praha/Prague requires another change of train in Usti nad Orlici; so a tad awkward, but it's not impossible to make this journey by train.
The trains from Czechia to Slovakia usually take one of three primary routes.
This border crossing is used by trains heading from Czechia to Bratislava and on into Hungary, the trains which travel this way are:
(1) Six EC trains per day which take this route: Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Brno* – Bréclav – Bratislava – Vac – Budapest
One of these trains commences its journey in Hamburg and also calls at Berlin – Bad Schandau – Dresden – Decin (though this service is suspended until mid-October due to work on the railway, which is also diverting all of these trains away from Pardubice).
*An additional morning train commences its journey in Brno.
(2) Two daily Regiojet train, which compete with those EC trains on the Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Brno – Bréclav – Bratislava – Vac – Budapest route.
(3) Three other Regiojet trains per day which take this route: Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Brno – Bréclav – Bratislava
(4) One x EC train per day which takes this route: Terespol - Warszawa – Katowice – Ostrava - Bréclav – Bratislava – Vac – Budapest.
So this train, which is named the 'Bathory' provides a daily direct service from Ostrava to Budapest.
(5) The Euronight train from Prague/Praha to Budapest.
(6) The Nightjet train from Berlin to Budapest via Ostrava
This border crossing is used by trains heading from Czechia to Zilina and Kosice and rival train operators compete on this route:
Praha/Prague – Pardubice – Olomouc – Ostrava – Cesky Tésin – Cadca – Zilina – Poprad Tatry – Kosice
The train service is split between
(1) One SuperCity* train per day operated by the Czech national rail operator, CD; an additional train operates on Fridays.
(2) One train per day operated by LeoExpress
(3) Two trains per day operated by Regiojet
(4) Up to three regional trains per day which commence their journeys in Ostrava and travel as far as Zilina
*= Rail pass users will need to make reservations prior to boarding these trains.
Rail passes are also now accepted on the Regiojet trains.
CD also USUALLY operates 5 x trains per day from Praha/Prague which take an alternative route via Puchov and terminate in Zilina.
However, this service has been temporarily suspended due to work on the railway line.
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