AVE (102/112) (Spain)

Welcome to our guide to taking AVE (102/112) train services within Spain.

Either click the links below to jump straight to the info you need to know, or spend a couple of minutes learning more about to have a stress-free journey on an AVE (102/112) train.



These AVE (102/112) trains are nick-named 'Pato trains' because the aero-dynamic ends of the trains are said to look like duck beaks.

Other AVE services are operated by 100 or 103 trains.

The travelling experience on the 102 and 112 trains is very similar, hence we have combined them

The main routes that these trains are used on are:

(1) Madrid-Atocha - Malaga (nearly all departures)
(2) Madrid-Atocha - Sevilla (some departures)
(3) Madrid-Atocha - Huesca
(4) Madrid-Atocha - Valencia (nearly all departures)
(5) Madrid Atocha - Barcelona (a few of the slower services that call at the stations between Madrid and Barcelona)
(6) Madrid Chamartin - Leon
(7) Barcelona - Seville
(8) Barcelona - Malaga
(9) Valencia - Seville/Malaga


Seats will automatically be assigned when booking tickets for journeys by AVE (102/112 ) trains

Rail pass users will need to have made reservations prior to boarding.
Info on how to book these rail pass reservations is available HERE on our Spanish train tickets and passes guide.

Back to the menu.


If you will be travelling in Preferente (1st class) on Mondays-Fridays and on some departures on Sundays, you will be served an at seat hot meal - similar to that which is served in airlines.

Note that this facility is not available on Saturdays, so on Saturdays the Preferente ticket prices should be cheaper than on the other days of the week.
On Saturdays a catering trolley is taken through the Prefente class coaches/cars.

A bar car is also available to all passengers where drinks, snacks, sandwiches etc can be purchased, you can consume these at the tables in the bar car or take them back to your seat.

A relatively new feature is that a catering trolley will now be pushed through Turista Class (second class) on these trains.

Back to the menu.

On Board:

An unusual feature of these trains is that nearly all of the seats in the coaches./cars will face the same direction - the only exception being a few the seats at tables.
The seats can be turned, not by passengers, so in theory nearly all of the seats will be facing forward - though this isn't always the case.

At-seat power sockets aren't fitted to these trains.

They also don't have conventional on train Wi-Fi access.
Instead RENFE offers its AVE passengers access to the internet via its 'PlayRENFE' app - note that it's not free to access if you're not a member of a RENFE Loyalty Program.

These trains also have an entertainment system, films are shown on screens fitted to the roofs of the coaches.
You don't get to choose the film you will see and all of the films will of course be in Spanish.

Service information announcements will be made in Spanish and English.

Back to the menu.


The Coche (coach/carriage) and Plaza (seat numbers) will be on your ticket -  so check the plaza number before you step on to the train.

Each coach/carriage only has one door on each side on each side of the train.
The coach/carriage numbers will be on an electronic info panel beside the door.

The doors have a larger letter 'P' on then if the coach houses 'Preferente' class and a 'T' for Turista class.

The luggage racks are between the doors and the seating saloons, the only other luggage storage space is above the seats.

However, if you have a large or heavy bag you should make use of the racks by the doors - and accept that you won't be able to see your bag(s) from your seat.

If you see space on the racks, our advice is to stow your bags on it and then find your seat.
If you subsequently decide to move your bags by the seat, you'll be able to do that, but things can be more awkward if you head to your seat first - and then decide you want to use the rack after all.

The seat numbers are above the windows.

As all seats reserved there is nothing else to indicate which seats you should occupy, be guided by the plaza number on your ticket.

Back to the menu.


Only folded bicycles can be taken on board AVE trains as hand luggage, but they must be placed in a travel case, or bag which can have a maximum height/width of 180cm.

An intro to train travel in Spain

How to buy tickets for Spanish train journeys

International train routes to/from France

Travelling on European daytime trains

Travelling on European overnight trains

Back to the menu.

Bistro (Hot Food)
Bar (Cold Food)
Double Deck
High Speed
First Class
Second Class

Rail passes and reservations

Close this info panel  

Other features

Close this info panel  


Close this info panel