AVE (100) (Spain)

Welcome to our guide to taking AVE (100) train services within and to/from Spain.

Either click the links below to jump straight to the info you need to know, or spend a couple of minutes learning more about to have a stress-free journey on an AVE (100) train.



These AVE (100) trains are the original high speed trains paced into service by RENFE, Spain's national rail operator - other AVE services are operated by 102 or 103 trains.

They still provide virtually all of the AVE services on Spain's first high speed line between Madrid and Seville and on most AVE services between Madrid and Alicante.

They're also used on the RENFE-SNCF international services on these routes:
Barcelona - Lyon
Barcelona - Toulouse
Madrid - Marseille
(hence the images of these trains that we captured in France).

So these AVE (100) trains have been in service a while, but the interior of the trains was refreshed a few years ago and in our opinion the seats are exceptionally comfortable.


Seats will automatically be assigned when booking tickets for journeys by AVE (100) train.

Rail pass users will need to have made reservations prior to boarding.
Info on how to book these rail pass reservations is available HERE on our Spanish train tickets and passes guide.

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If you will be travelling in Spain in Preferente (1st class) on Mondays-Fridays and on some departures on Sundays, you will be served an at seat hot meal - similar to that which is served on airlines.

Note that this facility is not available on Saturdays, so on Saturdays the Preferente ticket prices should be cheaper than on the other days of the week.

A bar car is also available to all passengers where drinks, snacks, sandwiches etc can be purchased, you can consume these at the tables in the bar car or take them back to your seat.

A relatively new feature is that a catering trolley will now be pushed through Turista Class (Second Class) on these trains.

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On Board:

At-seat power sockets aren't fitted to these trains.

They also don't have conventional on train Wi-Fi access.
Instead RENFE offers its AVE passengers access to the internet via its 'PlayRENFE' app - note that it's not free to access if you're not a member of a RENFE Loyalty Program.

These trains also have an entertainment system, films are shown on screens fitted to the roofs of the coaches.
You don't get to choose the film you will see and all of the films will of course be in Spanish.

Service information announcements will be made in Spanish and English.

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The Coche (coach/carriage) and Plaza (seat numbers) will be on your ticket -  so check the plaza number before you step on to the train.

Each coach/carriage only has one door on each side on each side of the train.
The coach/carriage numbers will be on an electronic info panel beside the door.

The doors have a larger letter 'P' on then if the coach houses 'Preferente' class and a 'T' for Turista class.

The luggage racks are between the doors and the seating saloons, the only other luggage storage space is above the seats.

However, if you have a large or heavy bag you should make use of the racks by the doors - and accept that you won't be able to see your bag(s) from your seat.

If you see space on the racks, our advice is to stow your bags on it and then find your seat.
If you subsequently decide to move your bags by the seat, you'll be able to do that, but things can be more awkward if you head to your seat first - and then decide you want to use the rack after all.

The seat numbers are on the sides of the seats facing the aisle and on the strip between the windows and the luggage storage areas.

As all seats reserved there is nothing else to indicate which seats you should occupy, so be guided by the 'plaza' number on your ticket.

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Only folded bicycles can be taken on board AVE trains as hand luggage, but they must be placed in a travel case, or bag which can have a maximum height/width of 180cm.

An intro to train travel in Spain

How to buy tickets for Spanish train journeys

International train routes to/from France

Travelling on European daytime trains

Travelling on European overnight trains

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Bistro (Hot Food)
Bar (Cold Food)
Double Deck
High Speed
First Class
Second Class

Rail passes and reservations

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Other features

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