Europe's International Train Routes #2 (Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Netherlands, UK)

Welcome to part two of the guide to the frequently wonderful, occasionally quirky topic of European international train routes and services - here is part one.

ShowMeTheJourney has also produced a summary of what can occur when a train travels over a border.

THE FEATURED COUNTRIES

Part One:

Austria   l    Belgium   l    Czechia

Denmark   l    France   l    Germany


Part Two - this part:

Hungary   l    Italy   l    Norway

Poland   l    Spain   l    Sweden
 
Switzerland    l    The Netherlands   l   The UK


More countries will be added at the earliest opportunity.
International European trains routes and services
Notes on the info:

A couple of points to be aware of before you dive into the all the gorgeous info:

(1) All of the direct international express day and night trains have been included on the 'Trains From' guides -  all that's missing are a few, minor local routes that are unlikely to be used by tourists.

The 'Trains To' lists will become more complete, as more countries are added to our Train Travel Guides.

(2) We also haven't included absolutely every place that the trains call at on the route guides, instead we have focused on the destinations which tourists are most likely to head to.

(3) The departure times included with the info are the usual departure times, but treat them as a guide and confirm before travelling, as the typical shcedule may be altered on your travel dates

(4) You don't need to pay particular attention to the points at which the trains cross the borders, most express trains won't even call at the towns on either side of a border - though some do.

(5) Click on the city names (when available) to access even more useful info about specific journeys, such as which trains are used, what to be aware of when booking tickets - and which websites sell them.

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TRAINS FROM HUNGARY to...

Austria/Germany/Switzerland   l    Croatia  l    Romania

Serbia   l    Slovakia/Czechia/Germany/Poland   

Slovenia   l    Ukraine


TRAINS TO HUNGARY from...

Austria   l    Czechia   l    Germany (Munich)

Germany (Berlin)  l   Poland   l   Switzerland

Trains from Hungary
Aside from the Railjet trains to and from Austria, most of the international trains from and to Hungary have a retro-aura. 
But don't let that put you off, these trains can be comparatively spacious and comfortable.

As a result travelling by train to and from Hungary can be a more memorable experience, than being sealed inside a high speed train and being whizzed across a border.


HUNGARY TO AUSTRIA (and Germany and Switzerland) BY TRAIN

Most of the trains from Hungary to Austria take one of three routes.

(1) via Hegyeshalom
 

This is the only border crossing on which the long-distanced express trains travel from Hungary to Austria.
The four train services which come this way are:
 

(1) Railjets which take this route; Budapest – Gyor – Wien/Vienna – St Polten – Linz – Salzburg* – Munchen/Munich
Connect in Munich for ICE trains to multiple destinations including Frankfurt (Main), Hamburg, Koln/Cologne, Nurnberg and Stuttgart.

*One Railjet per day follows this route as far as Salzburg and then from there takes this route; Innsbruck > Feldkirch > Buchs > Zurich providing an option for travelling by day by train from Hungary to Switzerland.
 

(2) During the day in the hours when no Railjet to Wien/Vienna is scheduled, Hungarian 'D trains' (which are in effect Hugarian InterCity trains) also take the Budapest – Wien/Vienna route.
The morning departure is the overnight train from Buccuresti, which conveys seats for daytime use.

One of these trains to Wien/Vienna has commenced its journey at Cluj Napoca in Romania and makes calls at cities in eastern Hungary including Püspökladány and Szolnok.
Another of these trains makes an early morning departure from Debrecen and also calls in Szolnok.
 

(3) A couple of regional REX trains per day travel from Gyor to Wien/Vienna.
 

(4) The overnight trains from Budapest to Munchen/Munich and Zurich.
However, these trains travel through Austria in the middle of the night, though the train to Zurich does make a morning call in Feldkirch.

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(2) via Sopron

On Monday – Friday* hourly regional trains depart Sopron for Wiener-Neustadt, the journey between the two cities only takes around 40mins

Sopron is served by frequent trains from Szombathely - and Wiener Neustadt has frequent trains to Wien/Vienna, as well as trains heading south to Bruck an der Mur, Graz and Klagenfurt.
*Less frequent trains take this route at weekends.

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(3) via Szentgotthard
 

Up to seven local trains per day from the Hungarian border town, Szentgotthard travel to Graz.
Szentgotthard is served by trains from Szombathely.

Back to trains from Hungary.
 

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HUNGARY TO SLOVENIA BY TRAIN

This train service has been suspended.

via Hodod

One EC/IC train per day departs Deli station in Budapest for Ljubljana - in the summer months it continues beyond Ljubljana to Koper.
In Croatia this train also calls at Ormoz and Zidani-Most.

In the summer months there is an overnight train from Budapest to Koper and Rijeka which calls at Ljubljana.

Back to trains from Hungary.
 

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HUNGARY TO  ROMANIA BY TRAIN

The long-distance trains from Hungary to Romania take two routes.
 

(1) via Biharkeresztes

The daily train services which make this border crossing from Hungary into Transylvania are:
 

(1) A morning IC train AND an overnight train which take a Budapest-Keleti – Oradea – Cluj Napoca – Brasov route
(2) An afternoon train which only travels as far as Cluj Nappoca, this train commences its journey in Wien/Vienna (departs 10:42)

These train services have been suspended

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(2) via Curtici
 

The four train services which make this border crossing are:
 

(1) Two IC trains per day which take a Budapest-Keleti – Bekescsaba – Curtici – Arad – Timisoara route.
These train services have been suspended
 

(2) A daily IC train which takes a Budapest-Keleti – Bekescsaba – Curtici – Arad – Brasov route.
These train services have been suspended


(3) A daily IC train from Budapest to Bucuresti/Bucharest.
This train isn't scheduled to arrive in the Romanian capital until after 23:30, so an overnight stay in the city is required for onward connections.
The summer only (June 5th - October 5th) 'Bosphorus Express' train from Bucuresti/Bucharest to Istanbul (and Thessaloniki on Fridays only) will now be scheduled to depart from the Romanian capital at 11:00.
So a train journey from Budapest to Istanbul will require an overnight stop in Bucresti/Bucharest.

(4) There are two overnight trains from Budapest to Brasov and on to Bucuresti/Bucharest.
The 19:05/19:10 departure is scheduled to arrive in the Romanian capital at 12:30, in time for connections on to eastern Romania
The 23:10 departure, which commences its journey in Wien at 19:42, is scheduled to arrive in Bucuresti/Bucharest at 16:35.

Back to trains from Hungary.


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HUNGARY TO SERBIA BY TRAIN

Two EC trains* per day and an overnight train USUALLY  travel on a Budapest-Keleti – Subotica – Novi Sad – Beograd/Belgrade route.

Due to construction works on the railway line in Serbia, a daily train which departs from Budapest-Keleti station at 11:57 is terminating at the Serbian town of Novi Sad, where it is due to arrive at 18:44.
No rail replacement bus services from Novi Sad on to Beograd/Belgrade have been organised, but there are fairly frequent bus services from Novi Sad bus station, which is adjacent to the train station.

According to the European Train Timetable, a bus is scheduled to depart from Novi Sad bus station at 19:10, with an arrival at the main bus station in Beograd at 20:42 - with an alternative bus departing at 20:00 and arriving at 21:32.
The overnight train service from Budapest to Beograd has also been temporarily withdrawn until a yet to be confirmed date.

*One of these EC trains USUALLYcommences its journey in Wien/Vienna and also calls at Gyor, but this service has also been suspended.

Back to trains from Hungary.


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HUNGARY TO SLOVAKIA (and Czechia and Germany and Poland and Belarus and Russia) BY TRAIN

The Czech national rail operator CD will be suspending all international train services to and from the Czech Republic from midnight on Friday March 13th until midnight on Monday April 13th.
As a result all EC daytime services on routes between Hungary and The Czech Republic and beyond into Germany and Poland  will be suspended, as will the overnight trains between Budapest and Berlin, Warszawa and Krakow.
The overnight train to Belaraus will only be operating between Katowice in Poland and Terespol.


Trains from Hungary to Slovakia and beyond primarily take one of two routes.

(1) via Szob (to Bratislava)

Only daytime and overnight express trains travel on this route over the border from Hungary to Slovakia, there aren't any local trains that come this way.
Most of these trains then travel cross Slovakia and head on to Czechia, Germany and Poland.

The daytime trains are the daily EC trains, which now depart from Nyugati station station in Budapest and take two routes:
 

(1) Budapest – Vac – Szob – Bratislava – Bréclav – Brno – Pardubice – Praha/Prague (6 x trains per day)
One of these trains continues beyond Praha/Prague to Decin – Bad Schandau – DresdenBerlinHamburg
 

(2) Budapest – Vac – Szob – Bratislava – Bréclav - Ostrava – Katowice – Warsazawa.
And this daily EC train has had its journey extended, so that it now travels beyond Warszawa/Warsaw to Terespol on the border with a Berlarus. (NEW)
It conveys sleeping coaches which travel on to Minsk from Terespol.

The overnight trains on this route are:
(1) A Nightjet service from Budapest to Berlin via Wroclaw.
(2) The Euronight train from Budapest to Warszawa.
(3) The Euronight train from Budapest to Praha/Prague.

These trains depart from Keleti station in Budapest, which is a different station to that which the daytime trains leave from. 

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(2) via Hidasnemeti (to Kosice)
All train services to Slovakia have been suspended

Two IC trains per day take a Budapest – Fuzesabony – Miskolc – Kosice route.
They depart from Budapest Keleti station at 06:30 and at 18:30 and the journey time is 3hr 29min.

Back to trains from Hungary.


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HUNGARY TO CROATIA BY TRAIN
These train services have been suspended

via Gyekenyes

One daily EC/IC train takes this route; Budapest Deli station – Slofok* – Fonyod* – Gyekenyes – Zagreb.
*These are resort towns on Lake Balaton.

In the summer months there is also a Budapest – Split overnight train which calls at Zagreb.

Back to trains from Hungary.


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HUNGARY TO UKRAINE BY TRAIN

These train services have been suspended

Chop > Mukacheve

An evening departure leaves from Budpaest-Keleti station at 19:40, it travels overnight to Lviv where it is scheduled to arrive at 10:14 and then travels on to Kyiv/Kiev during the day, arriving in the Ukrainian capital at 17:21.

The option for departing from Budapest in the morning involves taking the 07:23 train from Nyugati station in Budapest as it travels over the border to terminate in Mukacheve.
Though the train on to Lviv, which conveys sleeping cars to Kviv/Kiev, is scheduled to leave Mukacheve more than 2hrs 30mins after the train from Budapest will have arrived there.


Back to trains from Hungary.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM FROM ITALY to...

Austria   l    Croatia

France   l    Germany

Switzerland


TRAINS TO ITALY from...

Austria   l    France

Germany   l    Switzerland

Trains from and to Italy
All international LONG-DISTANCE train services from and to Italy have now been suspended 

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Because the Alps form a barrier between Italy and the countries to the north, virtually all of the international rail routes from and to Italy are wonderfully scenic - and the one non-Alpine route (via Ventimiglia) takes one of Europe's most spectacular coastal routes.

Add in the fact that some of Europe's most impressive international trains link Italy to Austria, France and Switzerland and you can see why the train is a fab choice for travelling from/to Italy.

ITALY TO AUSTRIA (and Germany) BY TRAIN

The trains from Italy to Austria take one of three routes:

(1) via Brennero
From Austria to Italy by train

Three train services make this spectacular border crossing:

(1) Five EC trains per day take this route:

Verona –  Roverta - Trento – Bolzano – Fortezza – Brennero – Innsbruck – Jenbach – Worgl – Kufstein – Munich/Munchen
On Mon-Fri three of these trains commence their journeys in Bologna (two trains start in Bologna at weekends).
If you want to make a daytime journey from Firenze/Florence or Roma to Munchen/Munich, you can make a connection between trains in Bologna.

A daily train* commences its journey in Venezia/Venice and also calls at Padova/Padua and Vicenza.
*Two trains at weekends.

(2) Hourly Austrian local S-Bahn trains depart Brennero for Innsbruck and Brennero is served by

(i) Regionale** trains from Merano via Bolzano, and
(ii) Regionale Veloce trains which take a Bologna - Verona –  Roverta - Trento – Bolzano – Fortezza – Brennero route

Users of Eurail and Interrail passes aiming to avoid the rail pass reservation fees payable on the EC trains can target these Regionale trains
**Rail pass usweas should note that the Regionale trains on this route are not operated by Trenitalia, therefore rail passes aren’t valid.

(3) A new Railjet service to eastern Austria departs from Bolzano/Bozen daily at 07:45 and also makes calls in Bressanone, Fortezza, Vipiteno and Brennero. (NEW)
It travels via Innsbruck and then calls calls at Salzburg (12:03), Linz (13:14), St. Polten (14:00) before arriving in Wien Hbf, the main station in Vienna at 14:30.
A connecting train departs from Trento at 06:40.

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(2) via San Candido
 

Hourly trains travel from Fortezza to Lienz.
Fortezza is served by trains from Bologna, Bolzano, Venezia and Verona.
 

Lienz has a sporadic service of S-Bahn trains to Klagenfurt via Villach.
Depart Fortezza at 12:50 and in Lienz you can connect into an IC train to Vienna/Wien Hbf which travels via Villach and Klagenfurt.
 

However, rail pass users travelling this way should note that Trenitalia does not operate the route between Fortezza and San Candido, so rail passes are not valid on this section of the route.

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(3) via Tarvisio
 

Two Railjet trains per day come this way on the Venezia/Venice – Treviso – Udine – Tarvisio – Villach – Klagenfurt – Leoben – Bruck an der Mur – Wien/Vienna route.
The first of these trains arrives in Wien/Vienna in time for connections on to Budapest, Katowice and Praha by daytime trains, as well as into the overnight train to Bucharest/Bucuresti
 

In addition two regional trains per day travel on this part of the route: Udine > Tarvisio> Villach.
Rail pass users who want to avoid rail pass reservation fees can take these trains.
 

The Nightjet overnight trains from Italy to Austria on these three routes also take this border crossing;
These services has been suspended until Apr 3rd due to the Italian lockdown.

(1) Milano – Brescia – Desenzano del Garda – Peschiera del Garda – Verona – Vicenza -- Padova/Padua – Leoben – Bruck an der Mur – Wien/Vienna
The only direct train from Milano to Wien/Vienna

(2) Roma – Arezzo – Firenze/Florence – Bologna - Leoben – Bruck an der Mur – Wien/Vienna
The only direct train from Firenze/Florence and Roma to Wien/Vienna.

(3) Venezia/Venice – Treviso – Udine - Tarvisio - Linz - St Polten - Wien/Vienna.

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*All of these trains are divided on arrival in Salzburg or Villach and the other part of the train travels to Munchen/Munich.
So Munich/Munchen is also served by overnight trains from Firenze; MilanoRoma and Venezia.

Back to trains from Italy.
 

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ITALY TO CROATIA BY TRAIN
 

Two Croatian regional trains now travel from Trieste to Ljubljana via Villa Opicina, Divaca and Pivka.
They depart Trieste at 09:03 and 19:09 (this second train of the day commences its journey in Udine at 17:54).

On Monday-Friday it's usually possible to depart from Venezia.S Lucia at 05:01 in order to connect into the first of these trains, but the international connections on from that train aren't particularly convenient.
It is due into Ljubljana at 11:36 and the next train on to Zagreb won't be leaving from there until 14:45.
(Though the train which leaves Venezia at 09:55, is scheduled to miss a connection in Villach into that train to Zagreb via Ljubljana, by less than twenty minutes!)

To connect into that second train of the day from Trieste, an option is to take either of the daily trains which leave from Venezia S.Lucia station at 15:01and 16:39
The daily Intercity train from Roma (10:22) and Bologna (14:47) and Venezia Mestre (16:40) is due into Trieste at 18:37, so should also offer a good connection on to Ljubljana.

If you'll be travelling with a rail pass and want to travel from Venice to Athens/Athina by train through The Balkans, between June 13th and Sept 20th that 15:01 departure from Venice/Venezia is the first stage of the journey.

Back to trains from Italy.
 

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ITALY TO FRANCE BY TRAIN

The Alpine mountains and their foothills straddle the Italian-Franco border, hence there are only TWO routes between the two countries travelled by express trains - and both of those routes have surprisingly few departures.
There are a total of only six express trains per day in total, which travel over the border from Italy to France, plus there's an overnight train that travels via Switzerland.
 

(1) Ventimiglia - Menton
 

Two train services connect the Italian and French Rivieras.

(1) The Thello trains which take a Milano – Genova – Albenga – San Remo – Ventimiglia – Menton – Monte Carlo – Nice route.
The trains which depart from Milano Centrale station daily at 07:10 and 15:10 terminate in Nice, but the daily departure at 11:10 travels beyond Nice to Marseille and also calls at Antibes – Cannes – St Raphael and Toulon.
This service on to Marseille had previously only been a seasonal service. (NEW)
Connect in Marseille for trains on to Aix-en-Provence, Arles, Avignon and Lyon.
 

(2) One or two local trains per HOUR take this route:

Ventimiglia – Menton – Monte Carlo – Nice - Antibes – Cannes – Grasse.

Ventimiglia has Regionale trains from Genova, Albenga and San Remo, which connect into these trains to France.

However, what had been the direct TGV train from Ventimiglia to Paris, now commences its journey over the French border in Menton.
Though it is theroretically possible to connect into this train, when travelling from destinations to the west of Genoa -  if you take the first westbound Regionale train of the day, and make connections in both Ventimiglia and Menton.

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(2) Bardonecchia -  Modane
Taking a train from Italy to France

Three x TGV France/Italy trains per day take this route; Milano-Porta Garibaldi – Novara - Torino-Porta Susa - Oulx – Bardonecchia – Modane - Chambery – Lyon* - Paris
*The final train of the day, which is usually scheduled to depart from Milano at 14:40 and from Torino at 16:11, is the train which calls at Lyon Part-Dieu station.

As these trains leave from Milano Porta Garibaldi station instead of the city's main station, Miano Centrale - when travelling from locations to the south of Milano, the easiest options for a daytime journey to Paris, involve connecting in Torino Porta Susa station into that 16:11 departure.
Taking the high speed Frecce train which travels from Napoli via Roma (10:25); Firenze/Florence (12:10) and Bologna (12:53).

If you'll be heading towards Lyon on a weekend, during the day on Saturdays and Sundays, there is an alternative to taking the TGV trains - which will save more than €40 if you will be travelling with a rail pass!

There are now Regionale trains, which depart from Torino Porta Nuova station at 07:15; 09:15; 11:15; 13:15 and 15:15 on Saturdays and at 09:45; 11:45; 13:45 and 15:45 on Sundays, which cross the border to terminate in Modane. (NEW)
From Modane they have good connections with TER trains heading to Lyon via Chambery and by using this option, rail pass can avoid paying any reservation fees.


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(3) via Limone
 

2 x trains per day USUALLY take a Cuneo - Limone - Tende  - Breil sur Roya - Ventimiglia route

There are trains from Torino-Porta Nuova station to Cuneo and at Breil sur Roya connections are available into trains to Nice.

(4) via Switzerland

The Thello overnight train on this route: Venezia/Venice - Padua/Padova – Vicenza – Verona –Peschiera del Garda – Brescia - Milano - Dijon - Paris travels through Switzerland.

Back to trains from Italy.

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ITALY TO GERMANY BY TRAIN

The direct trains from Italy to Germany either travel through Austria or Switzerland.

(1) via Austria:

Daytime:

Five EC trains per day take this route; Verona –  Roverta - Trento – Bolzano – Fortezza – Brennero – Innsbruck – Jenbach – Worgl – Kufstein – Munich/Munchen

On Mon-Fri three of these trains commence their journeys in Bologna (two trains start in Bologna at weekends).
If you want to make a daytime journey from Firenze/Florence or Roma to Munchen/Munich, you can make a connection between trains in Bologna.

A daily train* commences its journey in Venezia/Venice and also calls at Padova/Padua and Vicenza.
*Two trains at weekends.

Connect in Munich for ICE trains to multiple destinations in Germany including Berlin, Frankfurt (Main), Hannover, Hamburg, Koln/Cologne, Leipzig, Nurnberg and Stuttgart.

Overnight:

The Nightjet overnight trains from Italy to Germany on these three routes travel across Austria;
 

(1) Milano – Brescia – Desenzano del Garda – Peschiera del Garda – Verona – Vicenza -- Padova/Padua – Munich/Munchen
The only direct train from Milano to Germany

(2) Roma – Arezzo – Firenze/Florence – Bologna - Munich/Munchen
The only direct train from Firenze/Florence and Roma to Germany

(3) Venezia/Venice – Treviso – Udine - Tarvisio - Munich/Munchen

(2) via Switzerland

One EC train per day takes this route:
Milano – Stresa – Domodossola – Brig – Visp – Spiez* - Thun – Bern – Olten – Basel -  Freiburg – Karlsruhe – Mannheim – Frankfurt (Main) 
The ONLY direct daytime train service from Milan to Germany.


Back to trains from Italy.

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ITALY TO SWITZERLAND (and France) BY TRAIN

Trains from Italy to Switzerland follow one of four spectacular routes:
 

(1) via Chiasso (The Gotthard route)
 

These FOUR  train services all take this route from Italy to Switzerland:

(1) Every two hours there are EC trains which take a Milano – Como – Chiasso – Lugano – Bellinzona – Arth-Goldau* – Zug – Zurich route.
*Connect in Arth-Goldau for trains to Basel via Luzern and Olten.
One of these trains commences its journey in Venezia/Venice and also calls at Padua/Padova – Vicenza – Verona – Peschiera del Garda – Brescia.
Connect in Zurich for Frankfurt (Main), Hamburg, Innsbruck, Munchen/Munich, Salzburg and Stuttgart.
 

(2) One EC train per day takes this route; Milano (10:10) – Como – Chiasso – Lugano – Bellinzona – Arth-Goldau – Luzern – Olten - Basel.
If it keeps to time, this train offers a good connection in Basel into an ICE train on to Amsterdam via Koln/Colgne, Dusseldorf and Utrecht.

(3) There are now much more frequent Regional services taking a Milano – Como – Chiasso – Lugano – Bellinzona – Biasca – Faido – Ariolo – Goschenen* – Erstfeld route. (NEW)
At Erstfeld these trains connect into Swiss IR trains to Zurich via Zug or Basel via Luzern.
*At Goschenen there are straightforward connections to Andermatt.
 

(4) Hourly local trains take this route Chiasso – Lugano – Bellinzona.
These trains connect in Bellinzona to Swiss IC trains to Zurich via Zug or Basel via Luzern.
Hourly Regionale trains to Chiasso depart from Milano Porta Garibaldi station.

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(2) Domodossola > Brig (The Simplon Route)
From Italy to Switzerland by train

These FOUR train services all travel through The Simplon Tunnel when making their way from Italy to Switzerland:
 

(1) Four EC trains per day take this route:

Milano – Stresa – Domodossola – Brig* – Sion – Montreux – Lausanne - Geneva

One of these trains commences its journey in Venezia/Venice and also calls at Padua/Padova – Vicenza – Verona – Peschiera del Garda – Brescia.
*Connect in Brig for Zermatt.
Connect in Geneve for Lyon.
 

(2) Three EC trains per day take this route:
Milano – Stresa – Domodossola – Brig – Visp – Spiez* - Thun – Bern – Olten – Basel
Connect in Basel for Berlin, Dijon, Frankfurt (Main), Freiburg, Hamburg, Koln/Cologne, Mulhouse and Strasbourg
*Connect in Spiez for Interlaken.
 

(3) Every two hours, in the odd hours, local trains travel from Domodossola are USUALLY scheduled to travel through The Simplon Tunnel to Brig - and on to Bern via Spiez (where connections are available to Interlaken and Zweisimmen) and Thun.
These regional trains are a useful option for rail pass users looking to avoid paying the rail pass reservation fees on the EC trains.

(4) The Thello overnight train on this route: Venezia/Venice - Padua/Padova – Vicenza – Verona –Peschiera del Garda – Brescia - Milano - Dijon - Paris also comes this way.

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(3) via Camedo
 

There are hourly ‘Centovali Express’ trains during the day, operated by F.A.R.T. which take this route from Domodossola to Locarno.

The Italian section of the railway has been closed until April 3rd as it is located within the quarantined areas of northern Switzerland, so until that date, trains won't be operating between Camdeo and Domodossola.

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(4 via Campocologno
The most beautiful railway route from Italy to Switzerland
Up to 11 trains per day, which are operated by RhB, depart Tirano for St Moritz via Poschiavo and Pontresina - and Tirano has trains from Milano.
Easy connections are available in Pontresina into trains to Scuol-Tarasp via Samedan and in Samedan another connection can be made into trains heading to Chur.
Or as an alternative to the regular trains you can travel direct from Tirano to Chur on The Bernina Express.

Connect in Chur for trains to Zurich and for trains to Buchs, where transfers are available into trains heading to Innsbruck and Salzburg.

Back to trains from Italy.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM NORWAY to Sweden

FROM SWEDEN TO NORWAY
Trains from and to Norway
All train services between Oslo and Stockhom  have now been suspended.

(1) Ed > Kronsjo

The number of trains which travel over this border crossing has increased as up to four Norwegian Regiontog trains per day now take this route: (NEW)
Oslo – Moss – Fredrikstaad -  Halden – Oxenered* - Goteborg/Gothenburg
* connect in Oxenered for Karlstad.

These trains are now scheduled to depart from Oslo
- on Monday to Friday at 06:01; 10:01; 14:01 and 18:01
- on Saturdays at 08:01; 14:01 and 18:01.
- on Sundays at 10:01; 14:01 and 18:01.
Take that 06:01 train on weekdays and it's possible to reach Hamburg in Germany by the end of the day, by making connections in Goteborg and Kobenhavn.

All but the 18:01 departures offer easy connections in Goteborg C station into trains on to Kobenhavn/Copenhagen.

Or an alternative is to take the Stena Line ferry from Oslo to Frederikshavn in Denmark, it travels overnight and it's possible to be in Hamburg at 18:02 by changing trains in Aalborg and Aarhus.

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(2) via Storlien
 

Two trains per day depart from Trondheim and travel via Hell over the border to Storlien.

Swedish regional trains on from Storlien to Sundsvall via Ostersund are timed to connect with these trains.
If you take the morning train from Trondheim, when you get to Sundsvall, you can connect into a Snabbtag train on to Stockholm via Galve and Uppsala.

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(3) via Charlottenberg
Take a beautiful train journey from Sweden to Norway

This route is taken by Swedish IC trains* Oslo – Kongsvinger -  Charlottenberg - Arvika - Karlstad - Hallsberg - Stockholm.

*A reduced service is currently operating on this route due to long term work on the railway line.
Up to three other trains per day travel from Oslo to Karlstad.

............................................................


(4) via Riksgransen
 

This crossing is taken by the nightly SJ Night Train on this route: Narvik - Boden - Sundsvall - Galve - Uppsala - Stockholm.
There are also two daytime trains from Narvik to Boden, one of which continues beyond Boden to arrive in Luleá.

Back to the list of countries.

Back to trains from Norway.

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TRAINS FROM FROM POLAND to...

Belarus/Russia   

Czechia/Austria/Hungary/Slovakia

Germany   l   Slovakia   l     Ukraine


TRAINS TO  POLAND from...

Czechia   l   Germany  l     Hungary
Trains from Poland
All international train services to and from Poland have now been suspended.

............................................................

Poland is a large country with fewer international trains and rail routes than you might expect, though the number of services crossing its main rail border with Czechia has increased in recent years - with Krakow being the main beneficiary.

POLAND TO BELARUS (and Russia) BY  TRAIN
 

via Terespol
 

Nightly trains takes this route; Warszawa - Brest – Lubin – Minsk – Smolensk – Moskva/Moscow.

However, the long-standing ‘Polonez' overnight service has been discontinued.
 

There is also a daily daytime train to Brest which is usually scheduled to depart from Warszawa Centralna at 08:40.

Back to trains from Poland.

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POLAND TO CZECHIA (and Austria and Slovakia and Hungary) BY TRAIN

The Czech national rail operator CD will be cancelling all international train services to and from the Czech Republic from midnight on Friday March 13th until at least midnight on Monday April 13th -  the Polish long-distance rail operator PKP has published an article regarding how this will affect international trains from Poland.
As a result all EC daytime services and overnight trains on routes between Poland and the Czech Republic will be suspended, meaning that there will aso be no trains from Poland to both Austrian and Hungary via Slovakia.
The Nightjet service from Berlin to Budapest and Wien/Vienna travels through The Czech Republic, so this train service will also be suspended.


Most of the trains from Poland to The Czech Republic take one of two routes.

 (1) via Bohumin

All of the express trains from Poland to Czechia and beyond take this route, the SEVEN different train services are:

(1) One x EC train per day which  takes a Krakow – Katowice - Ostrava – Olomouc – Pardubice – Praha/Prague route.

(2) On Fridays and Sundays year round 2 x trains operated by Leo Express take the  Krakow – Katowice - Ostrava – Olomouc – Pardubice – Praha/Prague route.
In July and August these 2 x trains depart daily

(3) One x EC train per day which takes a Przyemysl -  Rzeszow - Krakow - Katowice – Ostrava – Bréclav - Wien/Vienna - Graz route (NEW)
This had been a direct train from Krakow to Wien/Vienna, but this service has now had its range of destinations extended at both ends of the route

(4) Three x EC trains per day  which take a Warszawa – Katowice - Ostrava – Olomouc – Pardubice – Praha/Prague route.
 

(5) One x EC train per day that takes a Gydnia  - Gdasnk - Warszawa – Katowice – Ostrava – Bréclav - Wien/Vienna route.

(6) One x EC train per day that takes a Warszawa – Katowice – Ostrava – Bréclav - Wien/Vienna route.

(7) 1 x EC train per day which takes a Brest - Terespol Warszawa – Katowice – Ostrava – Bréclav – Bratislava - Vac - Budapest route.
This train now commences its journey in Belarus at Brest and also conveys sleeping cars from Minsk (NEW)

In summary Ostrava is served by 4 x trains per day from Warszawa/Warsaw.

--------------------------------------------------

The night trains which travel via Bohumin are on these routes

(i) Moskva/Moscow - Minsk - Brest - Warszawa – Krakow – Olomouc – Pardubice – Praha/Prague 
(ii) Warszawa – Krakow – Wien/Vienna
(iii) Minsk - Brest -  Warszawa – Krakow - Bratislava - Vac - Budapest

............................................................
 

(2) via Miedzylesie

The very welcome news is that direct trains have returned to the Wroclaw <>Praha/Prague route!
LeoExpress has introduced a new service, though initially trains are departing from Wroclaw on Saturday and Sunday mornings only at 05:58 - with a Prague arrival in Hlvani (hln) station at 10:27.
 

The only other trains which currently travel this way, are up to five local services per day from Wroclaw, which cross the border to terminate in Lichkov – where they ‘connect with Czech local trains to Usti nad Orlici.
There are then hourly trains from Usti nad Orlici to Praha/Prague, Pardubice and Brno.

So it's a tad awkward, but not impossible to make this journey by train, if the timings of those LeoExpress trains don't suit.

Back to trains from Poland.

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POLAND (and Ukraine) TO GERMANY BY TRAIN

Most of the trains trains from Poland take one of two routes.
 

(1) Rzepin > Frankfurt (Oder)

Two daytime express train services and overnight trains make this border crossing:

The two daytime express train services are:
 

(1) Three or four EC trains per day, which are branded ‘Berlin-Warszawa Express’, take this route: Warszawa -  Poznan - Rzepin - Frankfurt (Oder) - Berlin.
These services have been suspended

(2) One EC train per day which takes this route: Gydnia - Gdansk– Bydgoszcz – Poznan – Rzepin - Frankfurt (Oder) – Berlin.

Connect in Berlin for onward trains to a swathe of other destinations including Amsterdam, Basel, Dresden, Frankfurt (Main), Hamburg, Hannover, Koln/Cologne, Munchen/Munich, Nurnberg and Stuttgart.

On Saturday and Mondays nights it’s possible to travel overnight from Warszawa to Berlin on the ‘Talgo’ train, which will have commenced its journey in Moscow.
On Wednesday afternoons, the TransEuropean Express’ from Moscow departs Warszawa for its overnight journey to Paris.

An overnight train which now comes this way is a train to Berlin from Przyemysl (departs 19:57) via Rzeszow and Krakow (departs 00:06). (NEW)
In Przyemysl it has a connecting train from Kiev via Lviv which crosses the Ukranian/Polish border.

............................................................

(2) via Szczechin
 

Up to nine trains today travel from the Polish spa town, Szczechin over the border to Angermunde - and up to four of these trains travel beyond Angermunde to terminate in Berlin.
If the timings of the direct trains to Berlin don't suit, then you can make connections in Angermunde.

............................................................
 

(3) via Forst

On Fridays (departs 19:42) and Sundays (departs 17:23) only an express train service leaves Wroclaw and travels to Berlin via Cottbus.

Also on Saturdays and Sundays two local daily services depart Wroclaw for Forst with connections on to Cottbus, from where further connections are avaiable to Berlin and Dresden.

............................................................
 

(4) Zgorzelec > Gorlitz

Four trains per day depart from Wroclaw for Zgorzelec, where they connect with trains on to Dresden via Cottbus.
The first two connections of the the day from Wroclaw, arrive in Dresden in time for connections on to Berlin and Frankfurt (Main) (and Praha/Prague) while the first three connections allow for onward travel to Leipzig.
 

Back to trains from Poland.

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POLAND TO SLOVAKIA
 

Up to four local trains per day travel across the border from Zwardon to Zilina.

Other local trains from Katowice connect into the afternoon departures on from Zwardon.

Back to trains from Poland.

-------------------------------------------------
 

POLAND TO UKRAINE BY TRAIN
 

The ‘Kyiv Express’ departs Warszawa Centralna daily at 18:05 for its overnight journey to Kiev/Kyiv, it also calls at other towns in Poland including Lukow and Lublin.

Back to trains from Poland.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM SPAIN to...

France  l   Portugal

TRAINS To SPAIN from...

France
Trains from and to Spain

All international train services to and from Spain have now been suspended.

............................................................

Spain is served by comparatively few international rail services, only FOUR train routes cross its long border with France and just 4 - 7 trains per day use the high speed line that connects the two countries.
Despite this comparatively sparse high speed train service, it apparently justified the removal of all the overnight trains from Spain to France.

On both the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts the local/regional trains are more frequent, but connections with trains on to other destinations in France need to be planned with care.

Better news is that the two overnight trains aren't now the only option for heading from Spain to Portugal by train.

FROM SPAIN TO  FRANCE BY TRAIN

(1) Figueres >Perpignan
 

This is the high speed line from Spain to France and the only trains which use it are the services branded RENFE-SNCF, which take these four routes:
 

(1) Two or Four* trains per day take this route: Barcelona – Girona - Figueres-Vilafant - PerpignanNarbonne - (Beziérs) - Montpellier-St Roch – Nimes - Valence – Paris Gare de Lyon
*Two trains per day is the year round service, but up to four trains per day operate in the summer.
 

(2) One train per day takes this route: Barcelona – Girona - Figueres-Vilafant - Perpignan – Narbonne - Beziers - Montpellier-St Roch – Nimes – Valence - Lyon
 

(3) One train per day takes this route: Madrid - Zaragoza  – Barcelona – Girona - Figueres-Vilafant - Perpignan – Narbonne - Beziers - Montpellier-St Roch – Nimes – Avignon TGV – Aix-en-Provence TGV - Marseille
This is the only direct train which travels between Madrid and France.

(4) Up to* one train per day takes this route Barcelona – Girona - Figueres-Vilafant - Perpignan - Carcassonne - Toulouse.
*This train doesn’t operate in the winter.

............................................................

(2) Port Bou > Cerbere

The express trains from Spain to France on the Mediterranean coast take the high speed line, but French regional TER trains still travel this older scenic route, from Port Bou on the Spanish side of the border to Cerbére on the French side of the border - and beyond to other cities in south-west France.

There are also regional Spanish trains from Barcelona to Port Bou, but somewhat bizarrely the connections between these Spanish trains and the French trains in Port Bou station are comparatively poorly timed.
The French operator, SNCF, and the Spanish railway operator, RENFE have evidently made little effort to co-ordinate their respective timetables.

The timings are particularly awkward on Mondays-Fridays, when some trains from Barcelona arrive in Port Bou only minutes after a train on to France has departed - and as will be seen below, some other transfers on Mon-Friday are dependent on making a two minute connection between trains!

Creating some tables was the best solution to making sense of the connections which are available - (though they'll be compromised when viewing on some mobile devices).

Monday-Friday:

Depart
Barcelona

Arrive
Port Bou

Depart
Port Bou

Destination

06:16

09:04

10:02

Perpignan*

09:16

12:00

12:02

Narbonne

11:16**

14:00

14:02

Avignon

13:16

16:00

16:02

Avignon

15:16

18:04***

18:23***

Nimes

17:16

19:56

20:02

Perpignan

Trains to Avignon call at Perpignan, Narbonnne, Beziers, Montpellier and Nimes
*Connect in Perpignan for a train to Avignon
** An option is to depart Barcelona an hour earlier
**** Connect in Cerbere, instead of Port Bou - also connects into the overnight train to Paris on the days on which it operates.

Saturdays:

Depart
Barcelona

Arrive
Port Bou

Depart
Port Bou

Destination

06:46

09:30

11:02

Avignon

08:46

11:26

12:02

Narbonne

09:46

12:06

13:02

Toulouse*

10:46

13:26

14:02

Avignon

11:46

14:06

15:02

Toulouse*

12:46

15:26

16:02

Avignon

14:16

16:28

17:02

Toulouse

15:16**

17:51

19:02

Nimes

*connect in Narbonne for a train on to Avignon
** connect in Cerbere, for the overnight train to Paris on the days on which it operates.

Sundays:

Depart
Barcelona

Arrive
Port Bou

Depart
Port Bou

Destination

09:46

12:06

13:02

Toulouse*

10:46

13:26

14:02

Avignon

11:46

14:06

15:02

Toulouse*

12:46

15:26

16:02

Avignon

13:46

16:06

17:02

Toulouse

15:16**

17:51

19:02

Nimes

*connect in Narbonne for a train on to Avignon
** connect in Cerbere, for the overnight train to Paris on the days on which it operates.

The timings in the tables were taken from  the European Rail Timetable

............................................................


(3) Irun > Hendaye/Hendaia #1
 

The overnight train from Lisboa makes calls in Spain at Salamanca – Media del Campo – Valladolid – Burgos – Miranda de Ebro – San Sebastian/Donastia - Irun and then crosses the border to terminate in Hendaia/Hendaye.
 

The TGVs which travel from Paris to Irun, commence their journeys back to the French capital in Hendaye, so connect in Hendaye for a TGV to Paris via Bordeaux.

There is also usually a daily train from cities in north-west Spain including A Coruma and Leon, which terminates in Hendaye/Hendaia, but it doesn't make a connection into trains to other destinations in France. 

............................................................
 

Irun > Hendaye/Hendaia #2

Hourly local ‘Euskotren’ trains connect San Sebastian/Donastia to Hendaia/Hendaye via Irun.

Other hourly ‘Euskotren’ trains connect Bilbao to San Sebastian/Donastia.

In Hendaia/Hendaye you can then connect into TGVs on to Paris via Bordeaux.

............................................................
 

(4) Puigcerda - Latour De Carol 
From Barcelona to Toulouse by train through the Pyrenees

Five trains per day depart Barcelona for Latour De Carol via Vic and Puigcerda.

TER trains link La Tour De Carol to Toulouse via Foix, and they generally offer good connections with the trains from Barcelona.

So taking this route is comparatively straightforward - and if you have an InterRail or Eurail pass, you can avoid the rail pass reservation fees charged on the high speed services, if you take these trains

Back to trains from Spain.

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FROM SPAIN TO  PORTUGAL BY TRAIN

The trains to Portugal from Spain take one of three routes.

(1) Fuentes d'Onoro > Villar Formoso

The nightly Trenhotel service to Lisboa/Lisbon via Entroncamento is the only train service to make this border crossing.

Two separate trains per night take these routes:
(i) Irun* - San Sebastian/Donastia - Miranda de Ebro - Burgos - Valladolid - Medina del Campo
(ii) Madrid-Chamartin** - Avila - Medina del Campo

The trains are then conbined at Medina del Campo and continue to Salamanca - Fuentes d'Onoro - Villar Formoso - Entroncamento - Lisboa/Lisbon.

*Irun has connecting trains from Paris, Bordeaux and Hendaye/Hendaia.

**This is the only direct train service between Madrid and Lisboa/Lisbon.

............................................................

(2) Tul > Valenca

Two relatively new 'Celta' train services per day* take this route: Vigo - Valenca - Vana do Castelo - Nine - Porto.

*The trains usually depart from Guixar station in Vigo- daily at 08:58 and 19:56 and the journey from Vigo to Porto takes around 1hr 20mins.

The morning departure from Vigo has good connections in Porto with an IC train on to Lisboa/Lisbon.

The evening departure from Vigo has a 'connection' from a train that has taken an A Coruna - Santiago de Compostela - Pontevedra route.

............................................................

(3) via Elvas
 

At 10:18 a daily train, which calls at Merida, departs Madrid-Atocha, and at Merida it has a THREE MINUTE connection into a train on to Badajoz.

This train then has a 20 minute connection into the one train per day, on from Badajoz, which crosses the border to terminate in Entroncamento.

Then in Entroncamento, the train from Badajoz has a 23 minute connection into a train on to Lisboa/Lisbon.

However, according to the European Rail Timetable, when setting off from Madrid these connections aren't guaranteed.
Meaning that the one daily train from Badajoz over the border will aim to depart on time, regardless of whether the trains have made their 2 min connection back in Merida.

Though you shouldn't have any problems if you commence the journey in Badajoz, there are later trains on from Entroncamento to Lisboa/Lisbon.

Back to trains from Spain.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM SWEDEN to...

Denmark  l   Germany

Norway


TRAINS TO SWEDEN from...

Denmark  l   Germany

Norway

Trains from and to Sweden
Sweden has six international rail connections, one link to Denmark, one (summer only link to Germany) and four with Norway - and they all have a wow factor!

SWEDEN TO DENMARK BY TRAIN

From 13:00 on March 14th the train service from Sweden to Denmark will reduced to an hourly train service from Malmo to the station at Copenhagen Airport.
 

TWO train services cross the Oresund Bridge – the only rail link between Sweden and Denmark:

(1) Up to 7 x Snabbtag trains per day take this route; Stockholm -  Norrkoping - Mjolby - Nassjo – Alvesta -  Hassleholm -  Lund - Malmo* - Kastrup Airport - Kobenhavn H
*Tickets are not available for journeys from Malmo on these trains.

Though these trains typically have poor connections with the trains on to Hamburg from Kobenhavn.
The best option is usually to take one of the Snabbtag trains which travel no further than Malmo and then connect there for an Oresundtag train on to Kobenhavn, where the Hamburg trains can be joined.

(2) Three x Oresundtag trains per hour take this route;

Lund - Malmo - Kastrup Airport - Kobenhavn H* – Norreport – Osterport – Helsingor

*Kobenhavn H is the main station in Copenhagen, but Norreport station is closer to the city centre - and Osterport serves the northern part of central Copenhagen.


These three trains services all take a different route to Lund, thereby providing direct trains from multiple towns in southern Sweden to Denmark - on which rail pass users don't have to pay any reservation fees:
(i) Goteborg*- Helsingborg – Lund
So Goteborg has an hourly train service to Kobenhavn.

(ii) Kalmar -  Alvesta -  Hassleholm - Lund
(iii) Karlskrona - Kristianstad – Lund


Back to trains from Sweden.


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SWEDEN TO GERMANY BY TRAIN

Between June 21 and Aug 29th and on these other dates - Apr 4th, Apr 8th, April 29th, May 13th, May 20th, June 13th, June 15th and June 17th the Berlin Night Express departs from Malmo C station at 17:00.
So easily timed connections will be available into this train from Goteborg/Gothenburg and Stockholm.

The train then arrives in Berlin at 06:45, though it will have spent most of its journey travelling on a special train ferry from Germany to Sweden.
From Berlin there are good connections available into trains to a range of other destinations, including Amsterdam, Basel, Budapest, Frankfurt (Main), Dresden, Hamburg, Hannover, Koln/Cologne, Leipzig, Munchen/Munich and Praha.


--------------------------------------------------


SWEDEN TO NORWAY BY TRAIN

All train services between Stockholm and Oslo have now been suspended.

The trains from Sweden to Norway take one of four routes.

(1) via Charlottenberg
Taking a train from Sweden to Norway

Swedish IC trains*  take this route:

Stockholm – Hallsberg – Karlstad – Arvika – Charlottenberg – Kongsvinger – Olso

*A reduced service is currently operating on this route due to long term work on the railway line, as a result IC trains have also replaced the Snabbtag trains until further notice.
Up to three other trains per day travel from Karlstad to Oslo.

............................................................
 

(2) Ed > Kronsjo
 

The number of trains which travel over this border crossing has increased as up to four Norwegian Regiontog trains per day now take this route: (NEW)
Goteborg/Gothenburg – Oxenered – Halden – Fredrikstaad – Moss -  Oslo

Heading north the trains to Oslo are now scheduled to depart from Goteborg at:
on Mon-Fri at 06:10; 10:15; 14:15; 18:10
on Saturday at 8:15: 14:15; 18:10
on Sunday at 10:15; 14:15; 18:10

This new timetable has also opened up new journey possibilities for travelling from southern Sweden to western Norway by train.

For those prepared to gamble on making an 11 min connection at Oslo S station on a Saturday, it has become theoretically possible to depart from Goteborg at 08:15 and connect into a train on to Bergen that usually departs Oslo at 12:03.

A welcome improvement on Mondays to Fridays and Sundays is that the later train on to Bergen from Oslo at 15:43 now has a viable connection from Goteborg - depart by the 10:15 and the connecting time in Oslo will be under two hours.
By departing from Kobenhavn at 05:27, on Mondays to Fridays it's also possible to travel from Kobenhavn to Bergen by train during the day.

On Mondays to Fridays and Sundays there is also a new connection available in Oslo for those travelling from Goteborg to Trondheim - though the 10:15 from Sweden is due in to Oslo only 11mins before a train on to Trondheim will be departing.

............................................................
 

(3) via Storlien
 

Two trains per day depart from the Swedish border town of Storlien for Trondheim, these trains travel via Hell.
Swedish regional trains from Sundsvall to Storlien via Ostersund are timed to connect with these trains over the border to Norway.

On Saturdays a Snabbtag train, which is usually scheduled to depart from Stockholm C at 10:21, has an eight minute connection into a train on to Storlein, but on the other days of the week a train which is usually scheduled to depart Stockholm at 09:21, allows over an hour to make the connection in Sundsvall.
Take these trains from Stockholm and you should arrive in Trondheim at 20:20 - the train on from Storlein will usually be heading beyond Trondheim to Heimdal.

............................................................
 

(4) via Riksgransen
 

This crossing is taken by the nightly SJ Night Train on this route:
Stockholm – Uppsala – Galve – Sundsvall – Boden – Narvik.
 

There are also two daytime trains from Boden to Narvik, one of which commences its journey in Luleá.

Back to trains from Sweden.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM SWITZERLAND to...

Austria/Germany/Hungary/Croatia   l   France   

Germany/The Netherlands   l   Italy


TRAINS TO SWITZERLAND from...

Austria   l   France   l   Germany

Hungary   l   Italy    l   The Netherlands

Trains from and to Switzerland
As of Friday March 19th the only long-distance international train services to and from Switzerland which have NOT been suspended (yet) are:


The ICE trains to and from Germany are being turned round at Basel SBB station, but the daily Basel to Amsterdam train is still operating.

............................................................

Thanks to its central European location, Switzerland is served by multiple international train services, and those from Austria and Italy also take rail routes that are among the most spectacular in all of Europe.

Some of Switzerland's international rail routes are also provided by its beautiful independent mountain railways. 
It can be worth taking a detour to use them to depart from, or arrive in Switzerland - and if you will be travelling with a Eurail or InterRail pass, using them to access Switzerland can contribute to a pass being value for money.

SWITZERLAND TO AUSTRIA (and Germany and Hungary and Croatia and Czechia and Slovakia) BY TRAIN

All train services from Switzerland to Austria and beyond have been suspended.

The trains from Switzerland to Austria only take one of two routes.

(1) Buchs > Feldkirch

Making the beautiful train journey from Switzerland to Austria
 

The three train long-distance services which travel this way are:
 

(1) The Railljet trains which operate every other hour on the Zurich – Sargans – Buchs* - Feldkirch – St Anton – InnsbruckSalzburg – Linz – St Polten – Wien/Vienna route.
One of these trains has its journey extended beyond Wien to Budapest via Gyor.
Another of these Railjet trains has now had its journey extended to Bratislava.

*Buchs has trains from Chur, Landquart and St Gallen and a bus link with Leichtenstien.

(2) One EC train per day which takes a Zurich – Sargans – Buchs* - Feldkirch – St Anton – Innsbruck - Kitzbuhel - Zell Am See - Graz route.
 

(3) The overnight trains on these four routes:
 

(i) Zurich – Sargans – Buchs – Graz
(ii) Zurich – Sargans – Buchs – Villach - Jesenice – Lesce-Bled (for Lake Bled) – Ljubljana – Zidani Most – Dobova – Zagreb
(From June 13th to Sept 20th, it's possible to make connections in Zagreb for onward travel to Beograd/Belgrade, Sofia, Athens and Istanbul).
(iii) Zurich – Sargans – Buchs – Wien/Vienna – Gyor - Budapest
(iv) Zurich - Praha/Prag

The only other trains which take this route are the local commuter trains, which shuttle across the border between Buchs and Feldkirch during the early mornings and late afternoons on Monday to Friday.


............................................................

(2) St Margrethen > Bregenz

The only trains which makes this border crossing are the three daily EC trains on the Zurich - Zurich Flughafen/Airport -- St Gallen – St Margrethen* - Bregenz - Lindau -  Munchen/Munich route.
*St Margrethen is served by trains which have travelled from Chur via Landquart.

Back to trains from Switzerland.

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SWITZERLAND TO FRANCE BY TRAIN

The trains from Switzerland to France take one of six routes.

(1) Geneva > Bellegarde
 

These FIVE train services all cross this border between Switzerland and France:
 

(1) Up to eight Lyria trains per day take this route; Geneve – Bellegarde – Paris (three trains per day on this route now commence the journey in Lausanne)

(2)  The Lyria train on this route; Geneve – Bellegarde – Lyon –  Avignon-TGV – Aix-en-Provence-TGV – Marseille will now only be departing between July 4th and August 30th.  (NEW)

(3) Up to ten TER trains per day travel from Geneve to Lyon via Bellegarde

(4) Infrequent local trains travel from Geneva as far as Bellgarde.

(5) Four TER trains per day take this route; Geneve – Bellegarde – Culoz -  Aix-les-Bains -  Chambery –Grenoble (two of these trains continue beyond Grenoble to Valence).

............................................................


(2) Geneve > Annemasse


After a lengthy closure for rebuilding, this route has re-opened and new hourly Regional Express services link destinations on the north shore of Lake Geneva, including Montreux and Lausanne, to Annemasse in France. (NEW)
In some hours connections are available in Annemasse to and from Evian Les-Bains or St-Gervais-Les-Bains - from where there are onward connections to Chamonix.

There are also hourly local trains from Geneve to Annecy which travel via Annemasse

In Geneve these train services now call all both at the main station, which previously hadn't been linked to Annemasse, and the re-opened Geneve-Eaux-Vives station.
 

............................................................

 

(3) Vallorbe > Frasne

The only trains which come this way are the three  Lyria trains per day that take a Lausanne - Vallorbe - Frasne  – Dole – Dijon – Paris route.
Trains from Neuchatel via Pontarlier to Frasne connect into these trains.

The other trans from Lausanne to Paris now travel via Geneve - see above

............................................................
 

(4) via La Locle

Three TER trains per day travel this way from La Chaux des Fonds to Besancon-Voite, the town centre station in Besancon.
There are trains to La Chaux des Fonds from Biel and Neuchatel.
These trains connect in Besancon into TGVs to Paris and there are also TER trains from Besancon to Belfort and Dijon.

............................................................
 

(5) Basel > St Louis, Haut Rhin

These THREE train services all cross this border between Switzerland and France:
 

(1) Up to six Lyria trains per day take this route; ZurichBasel – Mulhouse – Dijon* - Paris gare de Lyon
*Not all of these trains call at Dijon

(2) In most hours there are TER trains which take this route; Basel – Mulhouse – Colmar - Strasbourg

(3) There are also local trains from Basel to Mulhouse.

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(6) via Vallorcine (The Mont Blanc Express route)
Travelling the route of the Mont Blanc Express from Switzerland to France
Every hour during the day, trains operated by TMR depart Martigny for Vallorcine.
Martigny station is served by trains which depart at least hourly from Geneve, Brig, Lausanne, Montreux, Sion and Visp.

At Vallorcine connections are available into trains which travel on to St Gervais via Chamonix.

Some of these trains make connections in St Gervais with TER trains on to Annecy or Lyon.

Back to trains from Switzerland.

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SWITZERLAND TO GERMANY and The Netherlands

The River Rhine and Lake Constance, also known as the Bodensee both provide natural barriers along the Swiss/German border, so there are only TWO routes used by long-distance express trains between Switzerland and Germany.

(The trains on the Zurich > Munchen/Munich route travel through Austria because the eastern end of the Bodensee is in Austria).
 

(1) Basel SBB > Basel Bad Bahnhof
 

Basel Bad Bahnhof is in Switzerland, but is managed as though it is a German station, so train services that only travel into Germany from this station have been excluded from this summary.


These train services below are those which travel between Basel SBB (the main station in Basel) and Basel Bad Bahnhof – when we include Basel on the routes, the trains call at both stations in the city.

The train services which travel this way include the ICE trains on these THREE routes;

(1) Interlaken - Spiez – Thun - Bern - Olten - Basel - Freiburg - Baden Baden -  Kalrsruhe - Mannheim -  Frankfurt (Main) - Kassel – Berlin (3 x trains per day from Interlaken)


(2) ZurichBasel - Freiburg - Baden Baden - Kalrsruhe – Mannheim - Frankfurt (Main) -- Kassel Hannover - Hamburg (5 x trains per day)
Two of these trains commence their journey in Chur at 10:39 and 12:39 and travel to Zurich via Landquart.
The brand new ICE 4 trains now operate on this route.
 

(3) Basel - Freiburg – Kalrsruhe - Mannheim – Frankfurt Airport/Flughafen - Seigburg/Bonn - Koln/Cologne (- Wuppertal - Dortmund) (6 x trains per day).
One of the trains on this route has its journey extended to Dusseldorf – Duisburg- Oberhausen – Arnhem – Utrecht – Amsterdam.
This is the only direct train service, day or night, from Switzerland to The Netherlands.
 

The daily EC trains which also come this way are on these three routes;

(1) Interlaken - Bern - Basel – Freiburg -  Karlsruhe - Mannheim - Koblenz – Bonn  - Koln/Cologne - Dusseldorf - Dortmund - Bremen - Hamburg

(2) Zurich - Basel - Freiburg – Baden Baden - Karlsruhe - Mannheim - Koblenz - Koln/Cologne - Dusseldorf - Dortmund - Bremen - Hamburg
 

(3) Brig – Visp – Spiez – Thun – Bern - Olten - Basel - Freiburg – Baden Baden - Karlsruhe – Mannheim – Frankfurt (Main)

This train commences its journey in Milano.

Overnight Nightjet trains on these two routes also come this way:
These services have been suspended

(1) ZurichBasel – Hannover -  Hamburg
(2) ZurichBasel – Magdeburg - Berlin

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(2) Schaffhausen > Singen
The most beautiful railway route from Switzerland to Germany

Three train services make this border crossing;

(1) German IC trains on this route; Zurich – Schaffhausen – Singen - Rottweil – Horb – Stuttgart
These services have been suspended berween Zurich and Singen

(2) Swiss IC trains on a Zurich – Schaffhausen – Singen route (these trains connect in Singen with IC trains on Stuttgart)
The train service is arranged so that when travelling from Zurich to Stuttgart, in alternate hours there is a direct train, but in other hours a connection is required in Singen.
Sit on the right when travelling from Zurich for a spectacular view of the Schaffhausen Falls.

(3) German Regio trains on a Ulm – Frederichshafen – Radofzell - Singen – Schaffhausen – Waldshut – Basel (Bad Bahnhof) route.


Back to trains from Switzerland.

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SWITZERLAND TO ITALY BY TRAIN

All train services from Switzerland to Italy are now suspended.

The trains from Switzerland to Italy take one of four spectacular routes.

(1) Brig > Domodossola (The Simplon Route)
 

These four train services all take this beautiful railway line from Switzerland to Italy;
 

(1) Four EC trains per day take this route:

Geneve - Lausanne - Montreux - Sion - Brig - Domodossola - Stresa - Milano
One of these trains continues its journey beyond Milano to Brescia - Peschiera del Garda - Verona – Vicenza - Padua/Padova – Venezia St Lucia.
 

(2) Three EC trains per day take this route:

Basel - Olten - Bern - Thun - Spiez *- Visp - Brig- Domodossola - Stresa - Milano.
*Trains from Interlaken make connections in Spiez.
Connect in Milano for cities to the south including Ancona, Bologna, Firenze/Florence, Genova, Napoli, Nice, Pisa, Rimini and Roma - none of these destinations have direct trains from Switzerland.

(3) One Swiss IC train per day, which  USUALLY* departs from Basel at 10:26 and takes this route: Basel - Olten - Bern - Thun - Spiez - Visp - Brig - Domodossola.
*This train will onlly be departing at weekends during January - March.
 

(4) Up to seven x daily regional trains, on which rail pass users don't have to pay any reservation fees, are now USUALLY scheduled to depart from Bern to take the spectacular route via Kandersteg to Brig - and then travel on to Domodossola.
All of these regional trains also call at Speiz, where connections are available from Zwiesimmen and Interlaken.

............................................................
 

(2) via Chiasso (The Gotthard route)
 

These train services all take this railway route from Switzerland to Italy;

(1) Every two hours there are EC trains which take a Zurich - Zug - Arth-Goldau* - Bellinzona - Lugano - Como - Milano route
*Trains from Basel via Luzern connect with these trains in Arth-Goldau.

One of these trains continues its journey beyond Milano to Brescia - Peschiera del Garda - Verona – Vicenza - Padua/Padova – Venezia St Lucia.

Connect in Milano for cities to the south including Ancona, Bologna, Firenze/Florence, Genova, Napoli, Nice, Pisa, Rimini and Roma - none of these destinations have direct trains from Switzerland.

(2) One EC train* per day takes this route; Basel – Olten – Luzern - Arth-Goldau* - Bellinzona - Lugano - Como – Milano
*This train commences its journey in Frankfurt (Main)


(3) Hourly regional trains per day take this wonderful* journey (which the EC trains now by-pass because they take the new Gotthard Base Tunnel) on the older Gotthard route
Erstfeld – Goschenen* - Ariolo – Faido – Biasca – Bellinzona – Lugano – Chiasso – Como – Milano
There are connecting trains to Erstfeld from Zurich via Zug and from Basel via Luzern.
*There are trains from Andermatt to Goschenen.

(4) Hourly local trains take this route – Bellinzona – Lugano - Chiasso
Regionale trains to Milano Porta Garibaldi station connect with these trains in Chiasso.

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(3) via Camedo
Taking the Centovali Express from Italy to Switzerland

There are hourly ‘Centovali Express’ trains during the day, operated by F.A.R.T. which take this route from Locarno to Domodossola.
 

Locarno is served by trains from Bellinzona (which has frequent trains from Basel, Lugano, Luzern and Zurich) and in Domodossola connections are available to Milano, Stresa and Arona.

(The Italian section of the railway has been closed until April 3rd as it is located within the quarantined areas of northern Switzerland, so until that date, trains won't be operating between Camdeo and Domodossola).


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(4) via Campocologno
 

Up to 11 trains per day, which are operated by RhB, depart from St Moritz for Tirano for via Pontresina and Poschiavo.
Regionale trains link Tirano with Milano via the Lake Como towns of Colico and Lecco.
 

Easy connections are available in Pontresina from trains from Scuol-Tarasp, which have travelled via Samedan - and in Samedan another connection can be made from trains that have travelled from Chur.
So a journey by regular trains from Chur to Tirano involves two simple as can be connections.
Or as an alternative to the regular trains, you can travel direct from Chur to Tirano on the Bernina Express.

If you will be using a rail pass then travelling from Zurich to Milano on this route and making additional connections in Chur and Tirano, is the most spectacular means of taking a train from northern Switzerland to northern Italy.

Back to trains from Switzerland.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM THE NETHERLANDS to...

Belgium/France   l   Germany/Switzerland

TRAINS TO THE NETHERLANDS from...

Belgium   l   France (Paris)   l   Germany   l  Switzerland
Trains from and to Holland

The only international services operating as of April 3rd are:
- One Thalys trains per day on a Amsterdam <> Bruxelles route.
- Three ICE trains per day on the day on the Amsterdam <> Frankfurt route and the daily Amsterdam <> Basel via Mannheim service.
- For the moment the IC Netherlands trains are still operating between Rotterdam and Antwerpen/Antwerp.

...........................................................

There are currently* no year-round  overnight trains from The Netherlands and that's partially because there are now more international daytime express trains to and from the country than ever before.
(*An Amsterdam > Wien and Innsbruck via Munchen service is due to commence in mid-December).

The number of local cross-border routes with Germany has also increased, so travelling to and from The Netherlands by train has never been easier - if you want to go by day!

THE NETHERLANDS TO BELGIUM (and France and Great Britain) BY TRAIN

Most of the trains from The Netherlands to Belgium and beyond take one of three routes.
 

(1) the high speed line
 

THREE train services currently travel on the high speed line from Belgium to The Netherlands.

(1) Up to 14 x Thalys trains per day take this route: Amsterdam - Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerpen Central - Bruxelles-MidiParis
These are the only direct trains from The Netherlands to Paris, but if you will be heading to destinations to the south of the French capital, it can be worth connecting into the TGV trains on from Bruxelles-Midi to other French cities.
By taking them you can then avoid having to make a cross-Paris transfer between stations.

(2) 2 x Thalys trains per day take this route: Amsterdam - Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerpen Central - Bruxelles-Midi - Paris CDG Aeroport - Marne la Vallée for Disneyland Paris.

In the winter months there are also ‘Thalys Niege’ services which are direct from Amsterdam and Rotterdam to Bourg St-Maurice and in the summer there are ‘Thalys Du Soliel services direct to Marseille via Avignon.
 

(3) InterCity-Bruxelles trains also take the high speed line, but they don’t travel at high speed.
 

These trains operate hourly on this route: Rotterdam - Breda* - Antwerpen Central - Antwerpen Berchem – Mechelen - Bruxelles Aeroport - Bruxelles Nord - Bruxelles-Central - Bruxelles-Midi.
Three of these trains per day commence their journeys at Den Haag HS, but the rest of these trains travel from Amsterdam via Schiphol.

Connect in Antwerpen for trains to Gent/Ghent - it can also be quicker to travel to Brugge/Bruge via Gent, but for destinations in eastern and southern Belgium (and Luxembourg) the best option is to make a connection in Bruxelles.
 

*Connections are available in Breda from trains that have travelled from Arnhem via Den Bosch and Nijmegen.
These InterCity-Bruxelles trains no longer travel via Roosendaal and Dordrecht.

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From April 30th there will be direct Eurostar services from Amsterdam to London taking this route - tickets are now on sale.. (NEW)

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(2) Roosendaal > Essen
 

Trains still use the older line between Belgium and The Netherlands, they depart hourly from Roosendaal* and travel over the border via Essen on to Antwerpen Centraal.
 

*Roosendaal is served by Dutch IC trains from Amsterdam, which make calls in Leiden, Delft and Dordrecht, as well as trains from Vlissingen via Middledburg.

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(3) via Vise
 

Hourly local trains depart from Maastricht and head to Liege.

Maastricht is served by Dutch IC trains from Amsterdam, which travel via Utrecht, Den Bosch and Eindhoven.

Back to trains from The Netherlands.

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THE NETHERLANDS TO GERMANY (and Switzerland and Austria) BY TRAIN

Trains from The Netherlands to Germany take one of five routes.


(1) via Emmerich
 

Two train services now take the main railway line from The Netherlands to Germany.
 

(1) The ICE trains on these two routes:
 

(i) Amsterdam-Central – Utrecht* – Arnhem - Oberhausen – Duisburg – Dusseldorf -  Koln/Cologne – Seigburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport/Flughafen – Frankfurt (Main) (6 or 7 trains per day)

Connections are available in Frankfurt (Main) on to multiple other destinations including, Dresden, Linz, Munchen/Munich, Nurnberg, Stuttgart and Wien/Vienna.

(ii) Amsterdam-Central – Utrecht* –  Arnhem - Oberhausen – Duisburg – Dusseldorf -  Koln/Cologne – Seigburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport/Flughafen - Mannheim – Kalrsruhe - Freiburg – Basel Bad - Basel SBB (1 x train per day)
The only direct daily train from The Netherlands to Switzerland

*There are frequent trains from Rotterdam to Utrecht.

(2) Hourly Regio trains which take an Arnhem – Emmerich - Oberhausen – Duisburg – Dusseldorf route.

............................................................

(2) via Bad Bentheim
 

Every two hours during the day Intercity-Berlijn trains take this route:
Amsterdam-Central - Hilversum - Amersfoort – Deventer - Hengelo - Bad Bentheim - Rheine – Osnabruck* – Hannover - Wolfsburg – Berlin.
*Connect in Osnabruck for trains to Hamburg via Bremen.
 

Hourly Regio trains now also cross this border on this route; Hengelo > Bad Bentheim > Rheine > Osnabruck > Bielefeld.
Hengelo is served by hourly Dutch IC trains on these routes;
(i)  Schiphol – Amsterdam Zuid  - Hilversum* - Amersfoort – Deventer - Hengelo
(ii) Den Haag/The Hague – Gouda – Utrecht – Amersfoort* – Deventer - Hengelo
*If you will be travelling from Amsterdam Centraal, you can make connections into these trains at these stations.

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(3) via Gronau
 

Hourly local trains from Enschede cross the border and travel to Dortmund.

Connections are available in Enschende from hourly Dutch IC trains on these routes:

(i)  Schiphol – Amsterdam Zuid  - Hilversum - Amersfoort – Deventer – Hengelo - Enschede
(ii) Den Haag/The Hague – Gouda – Utrecht - Amersfoort – Deventer - Hengelo - Enschede


*If you will be travelling from Amsterdam Centraal, you can make connections into these trains at these stations.

............................................................
 

(4) Venlo > Monchengladbach
 

The only regular train services which make this border crossing are the hourly daytime Regio trains operate on this route; Venlo - Monchengladbach – Neuss - Dusseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen - Hamm (West).


Connecting Dutch IC trains operate hourly on this route; Amsterdam Centraal – Utrecht - Den Bosch – Eindhoven* – Venlo.
*Dutch IC trains operate on this route Den Haag – Rotterdam – Breda - Eindhoven.

On Fridays only between December 19th and March 12th, the Alpen Express also takes this route - this overnight train connects these Dutch cities - Amsterdam, Den Bosch, Den Haag, Eindhoven, Haarlem, Leiden, Utrecht and Venlo with multiple Austrian ski resorts
This is the only direct train service from The Netherlands to Austria.

............................................................
 

(5) via Bad Nieuweschans
 

The trains which usually take this route from Groningen to Leer have been replaced by buses which depart every other hour, this could be due to work on the railway line, or it may be a permanent substitution.

Leer has hourly trains to a swathe of German towns and cities including Bremen, Duisburg, Dusseldorf, Hannover, Koln/Cologne and Oldenburg.

Back to trains from The Netherlands.

Back to the list of countries.

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TRAINS FROM THE UK
Travelling from the UK by Eurostar

As of April the only Eurostar services still operating are 1 x train per day between London and Paris and 1 x trains per day between London and Bruxelles - Eurostar services are not calling at the stations in Ashford, Ebbsfleet, Calais and Lille.

The only international trains from the UK are the Eurostar trains to Belgium, France - and now The Netherlands.

We summarise the direct routes taken by the Eurostar trains below, but if you want to travel from the UK by train beyond those three countries - this London to Europe guide will tell you all you need to know!

THE UK TO FRANCE and Belgium and The Netherlands

via The Channel Tunnel

Eurostar trains take these six routes:

(1) London - Ebbsfleet* - Ashford** - Paris (14 - 17 x departures by day by e300 and e320 trains)
* Two - Four trains per day, final departure is at 12:42 - 12-48.
** Two or Three trains per day, final departure is at 14:55.

(2) London - Ebbsfleet* - Ashford** - Calais*** - Lille - Bruxelles/Brussel (8 - 10 x departures by day by e300 and e320 trains)
* Three or Four trains per day, final departure is at 13:15
** One train per day
*** Three trains per day

(3) London - Bruxelles - Rotterdam - Amsterdam (two or three departures per day by e320 trains)

(4) London - Ashford - Lyon - Avignon - Marseille by e300 trains
Departure dates in 2020 will be
May 25 - July 18: Monday, Friday and Saturday
July 19 - Aug 30th: Monday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday
Aug 31 - Sep 14: Monday, Friday and Saturday

(5) London* - Ebbsfleet - Ashford - Marne La Valléé for Disneyland Paris by e300 trains
Departs on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday year round and daily (usually) in school holidays

(6) London - Ashford - Moutiers - Aime la Plagne - Bourg St-Maurice by e300 trains
Depart Fridays - Dec 20th - Apr 3rd
Departs Saturdays - Dec 21st - Apr 4h

Back to the list of countries.

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WHAT HAPPENS WHEN TRAINS CROSS BORDERS
 

We expect that those responsible for border controls across Europe, won’t appreciate us sharing specific details of our international journey experiences.

Though it may be stating the obvious to point out that taking an international European train, can inevitably be a different experience to making a domestic journey.
 

What is also true, is that there can be variations in how trains travel across borders, which seems to have little to do with whether countries have signed up to the Schengen agreement.
 

When making an international train journey in Europe you will encounter one of these FIVE scenarios.
 

(1) The journey will in fact be little different to a domestic journey, no announcements will be made be made on the train when a border crossing occurs - and you won’t be aware of any immigration or customs staff on the train.
You won’t be asked to show your passport either prior to boarding, or during the journey.


You will therefore travel seamlessly from one country to another and the only thing that will alert you to the fact that you’ve crossed a border, will be your mobile devices connecting to new service providers.
 

(2) Border staff will carry out checks while the train is in transit.
 

In this scenario you MAY be randomly singled out for additional checks and questioning to do with your travel plans and the amount of currency you have with you etc.
 

If this happens to you, try to avoid wondering why some of your fellow passengers haven’t even been asked to show their passports.
 

This random checking is no doubt an effective strategy, so just politely accept whatever scenario you find yourself encountering – and don’t question why it’s occurring.

(3) Checks will be carried out at the border station(s)

The train will stop at the last station before a border and/or the first station after a border.

Border control staff will then board and pass through the train, before it leaves the station.
 

In this scenario, most, or all passengers, will have to show their passports and answer questions about their journey – and some of the border staff may have dogs.
 

(4) If you leave or join train at a station on either side of a border, you may have to pass through passport and customs controls at the station.

So give yourself extra time to board a train, in case you do encounter this scenario, don’t assume that a train will wait for you because you’re still in a queue for passport control.
 

(5) All passengers may have to leave the train to pass through border control.

This scenario will likely not be apparent, when you book tickets, look up the journey details or board the train.

It’s also not a very common scenario, but you should be aware to the possibility that it may occur.


When it is happening announcements will be made on board, alerting travellers to the fact that you need to leave the train.
However, these announcements may not be made in English, so if when a train stops at a station near a border, virtually all of your fellow travellers gather their belongings and leave the train, don’t assume that they’ve reached their final destination.

Find a fellow traveller who can explain what’s occurring.
 

Also you may, or may not, re-board the same train, but regardless of that, you’ll need to take all your belongings with you.
You may need to board a bus, which will convey you across a border, and take you to the first station on the other side.
 

Night Trains:
 

If you will be travelling in a sleeping cabin on an international night train, the usual scenario is that your hand your tickets and passports to the attendant who manages the sleeping cars, when you board the train.

Meaning that when/if border checks are carried out in the middle of the night, the sleeping car attendant will deal with the border staff on your behalf – leaving you to sleep on in your bed.
 

If you’re travelling in a couchette, you may retain your passport and tickets, you definitely will if you will be travelling in a seat.
When you retain your ticket and passport, you can be woken in the middle of the night, in order to speak to the border control staff.

To  the list of countries.

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OTHER SOURCES OF INFO:

We wouldn't have been able to produce this guide without the European Rail Timetable.

If you want or need to look up the departure and arrival details on 1000s of routes across Europe, then using this timetable is essential for double-checking the details of journeys that you can find online.

We particularly relied on its maps that accurately show the routes of the trains.

Also our guide is a summary - but for more detailed info look no further than Seat61.

This website TrainTracks.EU is written in German, but if need be it's worth translating its articles as many of them cover the less obvious routes and trains.